Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


864

Woody vine
Perennial

Non-native: east Asia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it - it's nearly ubiquitous, esp common in Piedmont & Coastal Plain and in mesic habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Botanical Garden
NC Department of Transportation
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

partial shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Pink/fading to Yellow
5-lobed calyx
2-lipped 5-lobed corolla (four-lobed upper lip, one-lobed lower lip)
5 stamens
Inferior ovary
Flowers in peduncled pairs in leaf axils

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Dipsacales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lonicera japonica   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lonicera japonica   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 174-02-004:
Lonicera japonica   FAMILY Caprifoliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Japanese Honeysuckle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lonicera japonica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_loja_001_lvd

        

image of Lonicera japonica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_loja_009_lvd

        

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm110320_146

March    Greenville County    SC

The most commonly occurring invasive plant in the South, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm110320_152

March    Greenville County    SC

Overwhelms and replaces native flora in all forest types, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    s040328_ab

March    Greenville County    SC

Leaves of new shoots in the spring often lobed, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera japonica

Gill Newberry    gn05_lonicera_jap_vine

May        

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm0305j_25

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm080515_029

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Thin tubular flaring to 5 lobes, the longest lobes about equaling tube, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm080515_039

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Lonicera japonica

Keith Bradley    kab_l_japonica_73714

May    Polk County    NC

Norman Wilder Forest

image of Lonicera japonica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_lonicera_japonica_3

August        

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm0410m_18

October    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Flowers paired, subtended by 2 leafy bracts, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm0410m_20

October    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Berry black, glossy, nearly spherical, 5-6mm wide, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Lonicera japonica

JK Marlow    jkm101112_141

November    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stems glabrous to densely pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.