Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


892

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: Eurasia

Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare here, but aggressively colonizing wetlands in ne US

Look for it in swamps, marshes, other wet places, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple
Whorls of 3, or opposite

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Purple
Bisexual
4-6 merous
5-toothed calyx
6 petals (usually)
12 stamens (usually)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Myrtales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Lythrum salicaria   FAMILY Lythraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Lythrum salicaria   FAMILY Lythraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 135-05-002:
Lythrum salicaria   FAMILY Lythraceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Purple Loosestrife


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Cindy Roche, Bugwood.org    bug_1291022

        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_lysa2_001_lvd

        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_lysa2_008_lvd

        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

    wwwseeppcky_ploosestrife

        

www.se-eppc.org/ky/leastwant.htm

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Keith Bradley    kab_l_salicaria_2593

August    Hamilton County    NY

Adirondack State Park

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Gary L. Piper, Washington State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1459319b

Month Unknown        

The hairy calyx has 5 teeth at its apex and several veins along its length, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Gary L. Piper, Washington State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1459319c

Month Unknown        

Each wrinkly petal has a dark purple line toward its base, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org     bug_1552186

Month Unknown        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org     bug_1552188

Month Unknown        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479533

Month Unknown        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479557

Month Unknown        

A single rootstock sends up 30-50 erect stems, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479587

Month Unknown        

Flowers numerous in terminal spike-like thyrses, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479638

Month Unknown        

Flowers sessile against the flowering stalks, or with very short pedicels, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479644

Month Unknown        

Leaves usually opposite, less often whorled in 3's, per www.illinoiswildflowers.info.

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479688

Month Unknown        

image of Lythrum salicaria, Purple Loosestrife

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5479710

Month Unknown