Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


926

Forb
Biennial

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Light brown
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Melilotus officinalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Melilotus officinalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-15-002:
Melilotus officinalis   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Sweetclover, Yellow Melilot, Ribbed Melilot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Melilotus officinalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_meof_001_lvd

        

image of Melilotus officinalis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_meof_010_lvd

        

image of Melilotus officinalis

Roxanna Martin    rlm52009_007

May    Spartanburg County    SC

M. albus & officinalis are apparently incompatible should not be synonymized, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Melilotus officinalis

Roxanna Martin    rlm5710_163

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Melilotus officinalis

JK Marlow    s040519_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Melilotus officinalis

JK Marlow    s040519_ab

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Inflorescence a slender, axillary, pedunculate, spike-like raceme, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Melilotus officinalis

JK Marlow    s050622_a

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Melilotus officinalis

JK Marlow    s050622_b

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Leaflets mostly oblanceolate to obovate or somewhat elliptic, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Melilotus officinalis

JK Marlow    jkm060710_001

July    Tucker County    WV