Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 15 taxa in the family Betulaceae, Birch family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Alder, Mountain Alder
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Alnus crispa   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus viridis ssp. crispa   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Alnus crispa 054-01-001   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it on grassy balds, shrub balds, spruce-fir forests and rock outcrops at high elevations (1600-1900m) in the Roan Mtn Massif, Mitchell & Avery Counties, NC, and Carter County, TN

Rare (though locally common)

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tag Alder, Hazel Alder, Smooth Alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus serrulata   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Alnus serrulata 054-01-002   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in streambanks, bogs, wet thickets

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Speckled Alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alnus incana ssp. rugosa   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus incana ssp. rugosa   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in braided streamhead seepage swamps

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


drawing of Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis, Georgia Alder need picture of leaf or frond of Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis, Georgia Alder need picture of flower of Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis, Georgia Alder need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis, Georgia Alder need picture of fruit of Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis, Georgia Alder
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Common Name: Georgia Alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alnus maritima ssp. georgiensis   FAMILY: Betulaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Alnus maritima   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in standing water of Ridge-and-Valley spring run

Rare, endemic to a single site in Bartow County, GA

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Black Alder, European Alder
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Alnus glutinosa   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Alnus glutinosa   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, suburban woodlands

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Beaked Hazelnut
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Corylus cornuta var. cornuta   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Corylus cornuta var. cornuta   FAMILY: Betulaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Corylus cornuta 054-02-001   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in dry rocky woodlands, thickets, high elevation forests and openings, seepage swamps

Common (uncommon in GA, uncommon in SC Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Hazelnut, American Filbert
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Corylus americana   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Corylus americana   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Corylus americana 054-02-002   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in rocky woodlands, mesic to rich forests & thickets

Common (rare in Coastal Plain, uncommon in GA Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Birch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula alleghaniensis   FAMILY: Betulaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Betula alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula lutea 054-03-001   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in forests at medium to high elevations, rarely at low elevations

Common (rare in SC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch, "Mahogany"
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula lenta var. lenta   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula lenta   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula lenta 054-03-002   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in forests at low to high elevations

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mountain Paper Birch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula cordifolia   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula papyrifera var. cordifolia 054-03-003   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in high elevation forests, primarily on talus of avalanche chutes, in the Black Mtns, Yancey County, NC, and on talus slopes and adjacent forests at high elevations, esp on quartzite on the western flank of the Blue Ridge

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Canoe Birch, Paper Birch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula papyrifera   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in dry soils

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


drawing of Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, White Birch need picture of leaf or frond of Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, White Birch need picture of flower of Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, White Birch need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, White Birch need picture of fruit of Betula populifolia, Gray Birch, White Birch
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Gray Birch, White Birch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula populifolia   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula populifolia   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula populifolia 054-03-004   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in woods, thickets, disturbed areas

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: River Birch, Red Birch
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Betula nigra   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Betula nigra   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Betula nigra 054-03-005   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it on riverbanks, streambanks, floodplains, sandbars, disturbed uplands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Hop-hornbeam, Ironwood, Eastern Hop-hornbeam
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ostrya virginiana   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ostrya virginiana 054-04-001   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to dry forests, often rocky, esp over basic rocks, reaching high elevations

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Musclewood, American Hornbeam, Blue-beech, Ironwood
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Carpinus caroliniana +   FAMILY: Betulaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Carpinus caroliniana +   FAMILY: Betulaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Carpinus caroliniana 054-05-001   FAMILY: Betulaceae

 

Look for it on streambanks, riverbanks, bottomland forests, lower slopes, and, depending on variety, in maritime forests or rich cove forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


Your search found 15 taxa. You are on page PAGE 1 out of 1 pages.


"Any fool can destroy trees. They cannot run away; and if they could, they would still be destroyed -- chased and hunted down as long as fun or a dollar could be got out of their bark hides, branching horns, or magnificent bole backbones. Few that fell trees plant them; nor would planting avail much towards getting back anything like the noble primeval forests. ... It took more than three thousand years to make some of the trees in these Western woods -- trees that are still standing in perfect strength and beauty, waving and singing in the mighty forests of the Sierra. Through all the wonderful, eventful centuries ... God has cared for these trees, saved them from drought, disease, avalanches, and a thousand straining, leveling tempests and floods; but he cannot save them from fools -- only Uncle Sam can do that." — John Muir