Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


201

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on riverbanks, streambanks, floodplains, sandbars, disturbed uplands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx minute, pistillate calyx absent
2 stamens in staminate flowers
Inferior ovary
Flowers in catkins (staminate catkins elongate)

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Samara

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Betula nigra   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Betula nigra   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 054-03-005:
Betula nigra   FAMILY Betulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
River Birch, Red Birch


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_beni_001_lvd

        

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_beni_005_lvd

        

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

JK Marlow    jkm120211_029

February    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Gill Newberry    gn03_b_nigra_young_tree

March        

Bark peeling into thin papery layers on young trees, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

JK Marlow    s060329_a

March    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

JK Marlow    s060405_a

April    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Staminate catkins elongate and drooping, pistillate cylindrical and upright, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_b_nigra_bark_1

May    Talbot County    GA

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_betula_nigra_3

May    Suffolk County    MA

Arnold Arboretum

Older bark darker grayish-brown, dividing into coarser, shreddy plates, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Gill Newberry    gn09_b_nigra_bark_m_tree

September        

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Keith Bradley    kab_betula_nigra_3755

September    Lexington County    SC

Three Rivers Greenway

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Sam Pratt    sbp_2769

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Paul Thompson    pstbetula_nigra

September?        

The lateral veins are parallel. — Clemson Extension

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_betula_nigra_leaves_7

November        

picture of Betula nigra, image of Betula nigra

JK Marlow    s041201_d

December    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Leaves triangularly ovate; bases truncate or angularly wedge-shaped, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.