Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


199

Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont)

Look for it in forests at low to high elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Unisexual
Staminate calyx minute, pistillate calyx absent
2 stamens in staminate flowers
Inferior ovary
Flowers in catkins (staminate catkins elongate)

FRUIT:
Summer
Samara

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Betula lenta var. lenta   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Betula lenta   FAMILY Betulaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 054-03-002:
Betula lenta   FAMILY Betulaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Sweet Birch, Cherry Birch, Black Birch, "Mahogany"


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_bele_001_lvd

        

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_bele_005_lvd

        

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm150412_240

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

Sam Pratt    sbp_20140418_113005

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm0405i_36

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Outer bark resembles Black Cherry; inner bark tastes like wintergreen, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm0405i_37

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves 2-ranked on short shoots, bases heart-shaped or rounded, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm160504_350

May    Jackson County    NC

Panthertown

Stipules deciduous, distinct, per Flora of North America.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmblenta_tuckaseegee1

May        

Flowers tiny, staminate in drooping catkins near tip of twigs, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_b_lenta_sweet_birch_4

May        

Once the primary source of wintergreen flavoring in medicines and confections, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    s040503_c

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves mostly 2.5-4" long, heart-shaped at base, mostly glabrous, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_betula_lenta_2

June        

Teeth on Betula's leaf margins more abundant than the main lateral veins, per Trees of the Southeastern United States.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm131029_075

October    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_09

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Prominent horizontal lenticels on the bark of young trees, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    jkm0511b_09

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    s051106_e

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Betula lenta var. lenta

JK Marlow    s051106_e2

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaf margins singly or irregularly doubly serrate, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.