Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 18 taxa in the family Verbenaceae, Vervain family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Brazilian Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena brasiliensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena brasiliensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena brasiliensis 162-01-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas, old fields

Common

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon Common Name: Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena bonariensis 162-01-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas, old fields

Uncommon in SC Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon Common Name: Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Verbena incompta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena bonariensis 162-01-002?   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas, old fields

Common (rare in Mountains)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Vervain, Nettleleaf Verbena, Velvetleaf Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena urticifolia   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Verbena urticifolia var. urticifolia   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena urticifolia 162-01-007   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas

 


need drawing of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of leaf or frond of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of flower of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy need picture of fruit of Verbena hastata, Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy
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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Blue Vervain, Common Vervain, Simpler's-joy
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena hastata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Verbena hastata var. hastata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena hastata 162-01-008   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in marshes, bogs, low fields

Rare south of VA

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of leaf or frond of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of flower of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain need picture of fruit of Verbena stricta, Hoary Vervain
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Common Name: Hoary Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena stricta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena stricta   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena stricta 162-01-009   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in pastures and roadsides

Rare

Native: central US

 


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camera icon Common Name: Narrowleaf Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena simplex   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena simplex   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena simplex 162-01-010   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in glades, woodlands, forests, and roadsides, over mafic or igneous rocks

Rare or uncommon in GA-NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena carnea   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stylodon carneus   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena carnea 162-01-011   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in sandy woodlands, sandhills

Common (rare in Piedmont, uncommon in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stiff Verbena, Tuberous Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Verbena rigida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Verbena rigida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena rigida 162-01-013   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, in disturbed areas

Common (rare in NC Piedmont)

Non-native: South America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rose Vervain, Rose Verbena, Creeping Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Glandularia canadensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glandularia canadensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena canadensis 162-01-014   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it on roadsides, sandhills, other dry (esp sandy) soils

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Moss Vervain, South American Vervain, Moss Verbena
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Glandularia aristigera   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Glandularia pulchella   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Verbena tenuisecta 162-01-016   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in pastures, roadsides, other disturbed areas

Common in Coastal Plain, uncommon in Piedmont, rare in Mountains

Non-native: South America

 


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Common Name: Dakota Vervain, Dakota Mock Vervain
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Glandularia bipinnatifida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glandularia bipinnatifida var. bipinnatifida   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in dry prairies on clay soils

Rare in Coastal Plain, waif in Mountains

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Marsh Frogfruit, Northern Frogfruit, Lanceleaf Frogfruit
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Phyla lanceolata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Phyla lanceolata   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lippia lanceolata 162-02-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in brackish marshes, other marshes, ditches

Common in NC-SC (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Creeping Frogfruit, Capeweed, Turkey-tangle, Sawtooth Frogfruit
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Phyla nodiflora var. nodiflora   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Phyla nodiflora   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lippia nodiflora 162-02-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in interdune swales, shell middens, sandy soils of roadsides, lawns, ditches, impoundments, disturbed areas

Common in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Florida Lantana, East Florida Lantana
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Lantana depressa var. floridana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana depressa var. floridana   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana ovatifolia 162-05-001   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in coastal strands, xeric hammocks, scrubby pine flatwoods, on the edges of brackish marshes, dunes

Rare (an endemic)

Native to Florida & extreme se GA; introduced in AL & SC

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Lantana, Hedgeflower
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Lantana strigocamara   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Lantana camara   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana camara 162-05-002   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, esp near the coast

Common in GA Coastal Plain, uncommon in SC Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Non-native: of garden hybrid origin

 


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Common Name: Texas Lantana, Hierba De Cristo, West Indies Shrub-verbena
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Lantana urticoides   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana urticoides   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lantana horrida 162-05-003   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed and brackish areas

Waif(s)

Native: Texas & the West Indies

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Trailing Shrub-verbena, Polecat-geranium
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lantana montevidensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lantana montevidensis   FAMILY: Verbenaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: South America

 


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"No matter how compelling the argument for learning the names of plants, however, the beginner should be aware that it is possible to spoil the fun by trying too hard." — Richard M. Smith, Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains