OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Verbena incompta

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-002:
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Verbena bonariensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville18ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

Rapidly growing and erect, stems 3-6' tall, slender, hirsute, rough & square, per Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville19ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

Leaves narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-lanceolate, sessile with clasping bases, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Stephanie C. Brundage    scb_070219Hayesville23ed

July    Clay County    NC

Clay County Native Botanical Garden

image of Verbena bonariensis, Purpletop Vervain, Tall Vervain

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_verbena_bonariensis_b

August        

Corolla tube 4-6(-7)mm, 1.5-2mm longer than the calyx, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Verbena bonariensis var. conglomerata   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Verbena incompta

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-002:
Verbena bonariensis   FAMILY Verbenaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Verbena bonariensis

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2461

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: South America

Uncommon in Carolina Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Habitat: Roadsides, disturbed areas, old fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Purple
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed salverform corolla
4 stamens, attached to corolla tube
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME: