OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Verbena carnea   FAMILY Verbenaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Stylodon carneus   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Stylodon carneum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-011:
Verbena carnea   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Stylodon carolinensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Verbena carnea, Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Will Stuart    wil_v_carnea_blos_detail

May    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

The wandlike spikes of 5-lobed flowers are stiffly erect, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Verbena carnea, Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Will Stuart    wil_v_carnea_inflorescenc

May    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Spikes elongate, flowers or fruits well-spaced and not obscuring the rachis, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Verbena carnea, Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Will Stuart    wil_v_carnea_leaf_pair

May    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Leaves sessile or subsessile, cuneate, not lobed or some lower on stem 3-lobed, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Verbena carnea, Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Will Stuart    wil_vcarnea_blos_detail

May    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

Rachis stipitate-glandular. Calyx and corolla tube pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Verbena carnea, Carolina Vervain, Carolina False Vervain

Will Stuart    wil_verbena_carnea_habit

May    Richmond County    NC

North Carolina Sandhills Gamelands

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Verbena carnea   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Stylodon carneus   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2011)
Stylodon carneum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 162-01-011:
Verbena carnea   FAMILY Verbenaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Stylodon carolinensis

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

3143

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Coastal Plain of GA & SC, uncommon in NC Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Habitat: Sandy woodlands, longleaf pine sandhills, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Nonstoloniferous

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pink/ Pinkish-lavender
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed salverform corolla
4 stamens, attached to corolla tube
Superior ovary

Flowers in 1-5 terminal spikes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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