Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1039

Forb
Perennial

Native
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon to rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist to dry forests & woodlands, streambanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate & basal rosette

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow, maroon or bi-colored
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
4-lobed calyx, each side completely fused
2-lipped corolla
4 included stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in a spike, borne in the axils of leafy bracts

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Pedicularis canadensis   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pedicularis canadensis ssp. canadensis   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 166-29-001:
Pedicularis canadensis   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wood Betony, Eastern Lousewort, Fernleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pedicularis canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_pediculariscanadensis

March    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_33

May    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0505i_12

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0505i_14

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0505i_14b

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Flowers form an array of yellow or reddish bent tubes, each with 4 lobes, per Southern Appalachian Wildflowers.

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0505j_03

May    Jackson County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm120517_114

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Basal leaves are 2-5" long, deeply lobed and appearing fern-like, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm120517_116

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150505_892

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pedicularis canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0406j_06

June    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Bald

Stem leaves are reduced in size upward with the upper almost sessile, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.