Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1051

Forb
Biennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont, rare in SC)

Look for it in cove forests, esp where rocky, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple: Pinnately divided, the segments lobed or parted
Basal & alternate
Cauline leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-parted calyx
5-lobed campanulate corolla
5 strongly exserted stamens, fused to corolla
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a helicoid cyme

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Boraginales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 160-05-001:
Phacelia bipinnatifida   FAMILY Hydrophyllaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phacelia bipinnatifida

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phacelia brevistyla

 

COMMON NAME:
Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_phbi2_001_lvd

        

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_2c

March        

Inflorescence a helicoid cyme (cincinnus), per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_4

March        

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_bipinnatifida_4b

March        

Calyx lobes linear-lanceolate, 5-8mm long, both surfaces strigose, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4906

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4943

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Stamens are hairy and extend beyond the corolla, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4980

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Emits a distinctly musty odor when crushed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm090404_230

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm090404_231

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Flowers are dusty purple with 5 rounded lobes & a white center, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm090405_056

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Leaves hairy, mottled, & pinnately divided twice, the lobes coarsely toothed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm150424_782

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm150424_783

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm150424_815

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm170414_597

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm170414_598

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm170414_599

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm170414_600

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Keith Bradley    kab_p_bipinnatifida_1568

April    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_phacelia_brevistyla_2

April        

Some consider Phacelia brevistyla to be distinct from P. bipinnatifida.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_phacelia_brevistyla_4

April        

The style of P. brevistyla is included (vs. exserted in bipinnatifida), per Flora of the southeastern United States (JK Small, 1913).

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

Steve Marlow    snm090405_024

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

A biennial 8-24" tall, with hairy stems, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Phacelia bipinnatifida, Fernleaf Phacelia, Purple Phacelia, Forest Phacelia

JK Marlow    jkm0305y_05

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Fruit: Capsules with 2-4 black seeds, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.