Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1212

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in dry to moist barrens, woodlands, & forests, Coastal Plain limestone bluffs and shell middens, especially over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-white
Bisexual
5-merous
Flowers in few-flowered clusters in leaf axils

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red->Black
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Frangula caroliniana   FAMILY Rhamnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Frangula caroliniana   FAMILY Rhamnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 119-04-001:
Rhamnus caroliniana   FAMILY Rhamnaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Buckthorn, Polecat-tree, Indian Currant


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Frangula caroliniana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_frca13_001_lvd

        

image of Frangula caroliniana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_rhca2_001_lvd

        

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm120415_008

April    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves finely toothed, soft-textured, veins slightly arcuate, per Woody Plants of the Blue Ridge.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm120415_011

April    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaf blades 4-6" long; parallel veins prominent, margins finely toothed, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm130420_579

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Frangula caroliniana

John B. Nelson    jbn_3535234593_644a1d3dd4

May        

image of Frangula caroliniana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_caroliniana_caro

June        

Corolla less than 1/4" wide; flowers in few-flowered clusters in leaf axils, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm120815_758

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Veins parallel with 8-10 pairs (vein ends following margins), per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm120815_760

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves largest towards branch tip, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm120815_763

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Frangula caroliniana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_caroliniana_3

September        

image of Frangula caroliniana

Ron Lance    rwl1212_a2

September        

Fruit a globose 3/8" drupe, red in summer becoming black at maturity, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Frangula caroliniana

JK Marlow    jkm0511a_35

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Frangula caroliniana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_caroliniana_2

November