OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Aristida stricta

SYNONYMOUS WITH New Combinations in the Florida Flora (DB Ward, 2001)
Aristida stricta var. stricta

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-38-005:
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Aristida stricta

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Aristida stricta

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Aristida stricta, Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_arst5_002_lvd

        

Once the keystone species of much of the upland Coastal Plain of the Carolinas, per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Aristida stricta, Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn

Tim Spira    tps_astricta

July        

Leaves semievergreen, very narrow, folded longways so they're wiry, upright, per Gardening with Native Plants of the South.

image of Aristida stricta, Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn

JK Marlow    jkm161001_790

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Plant forming dense tussocks; leaves primarily basal & usually very numerous, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Aristida stricta, Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn

JK Marlow    jkm161001_793

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Awns divergent, the central 1-1.5cm long, the lateral a little shorter, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Aristida stricta, Carolina Wiregrass, Pineland Three-awn

JK Marlow    jkm161001_864

September    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Aristida stricta

SYNONYMOUS WITH New Combinations in the Florida Flora (DB Ward, 2001)
Aristida stricta var. stricta

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-38-005:
Aristida stricta   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Aristida stricta

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Aristida stricta

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

125

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas

Locally common in parts of Sandhills & Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere (endemic)

Habitat: Coastal Plain pinelands of nearly all sorts, ranging from the driest white-sand sandhills to seasonally saturated pine savannas dominated by a mixture of longleaf pine and pond pine, largely or entirely replaced in the wettest savannas by Sporobolus teretifolius, S. pinetorum, Calmovilfa brevipilis, Muhlenbergia expansa, and Ctenium aromaticum; also in Piedmont areas adjacent to the Coastal Plain and formerly supporting fire-maintained longleaf pine woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Panicle brownish

Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain yellow
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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