Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1343

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer
Blue/ Violet (lower lip with a white center)
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lobed calyx with a distinct protuberance on the upper surface
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower plate-like
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-05-006?:
Scutellaria incana   FAMILY Lamiaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Scutellaria incana

(?) The American species of Scutellaria (Epling, 1942)
Scutellaria punctata

 

COMMON NAME:
Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm080729_018

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaf ovate, crenate, tip obtuse, base rounded, on stalk 0.5-1.2" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm080729_077

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

A somewhat hoary plant [with fine, short, gray or white hairs], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm160727_395

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves are stalked, scalloped, ovate-lanceolate, and taper to a petiole, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower with a white center, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm160727_397

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The 3/4 - 1" flowers are borne in numerous racemes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm120815_853

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm120815_856

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm120815_864

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm0310i_07

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The enlarged calyx's helmet-like protuberance flips off when seeds ripen, per All About South Carolina Wildflowers.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_22

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden