OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-05-006?:
Scutellaria incana   FAMILY Lamiaceae

(?) The American species of Scutellaria (Epling, 1942)
Scutellaria punctata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Scutellaria incana

 

COMMON NAME:
Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200403_3459

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200403_3461

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200502_4490

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8911

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8913

June    Greenville County    SC

Rather tall herb esp for a skullcap, growing as a single stem to ~2-3' tall, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190618_9258

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm080729_018

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaf ovate, crenate, tip obtuse, base rounded, on stalk 0.5-1.2" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm080729_077

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

A somewhat hoary plant [with fine, short, gray or white hairs], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_395

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves are stalked, scalloped, ovate-lanceolate, and taper to a petiole, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower with a white center, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_397

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The 3/4 - 1" flowers are borne in numerous racemes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190702_9622

July    Greenville County    SC

Often 30-50+ flowers in bloom on a number of racemes, forming a pyramid, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9793

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9798

July    Greenville County    SC

Leaves glabrate, with appressed hairs on veins, per Weakley's Flora (2018).

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9799

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190719_0073

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm220722_9306

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm220722_9308

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm120815_864

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0481

August    Greenville County    SC

A few of the plants had white flowers.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0504

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0507

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0508

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190810_0620

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190810_0669

August    Greenville County    SC

A sharply defined ring of hairs ("annulus") inside corolla tube, at bend, per Weakley's Flora (2018).

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm0310i_07

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The enlarged calyx's helmet-like protuberance flips off when seeds ripen, per All About South Carolina Wildflowers.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm211112_4889

November    Greenville County    SC

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 164-05-006?:
Scutellaria incana   FAMILY Lamiaceae

(?) The American species of Scutellaria (Epling, 1942)
Scutellaria punctata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Scutellaria incana

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1343

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon to rare (broadly endemic to Southern Appalachians)

Habitat: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer
Blue/ Violet (lower lip with a white center)
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lobed calyx with a distinct protuberance on the upper surface
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower plate-like
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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