Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1343

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon to rare (broadly endemic to Southern Appalachians)

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer
Blue/ Violet (lower lip with a white center)
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lobed calyx with a distinct protuberance on the upper surface
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower plate-like
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-05-006?:
Scutellaria incana   FAMILY Lamiaceae

(?) The American species of Scutellaria (Epling, 1942)
Scutellaria punctata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Scutellaria incana

 

COMMON NAME:
Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200403_3459

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200403_3461

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm200502_4490

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8911

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190604_8913

June    Greenville County    SC

Rather tall herb esp for a skullcap, growing as a single stem to ~2-3' tall, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190618_9258

June    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm080729_018

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaf ovate, crenate, tip obtuse, base rounded, on stalk 0.5-1.2" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm080729_077

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

A somewhat hoary plant [with fine, short, gray or white hairs], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_395

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Leaves are stalked, scalloped, ovate-lanceolate, and taper to a petiole, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_396b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower with a white center, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm160727_397

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The 3/4 - 1" flowers are borne in numerous racemes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190702_9622

July    Greenville County    SC

Often 30-50+ flowers in bloom on a number of racemes, forming a pyramid, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9793

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9798

July    Greenville County    SC

Leaves glabrate, with appressed hairs on veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190704_9799

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190719_0073

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm120815_864

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0481

August    Greenville County    SC

A few of the plants had white flowers.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0504

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0507

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190802_0508

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190810_0620

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm190810_0669

August    Greenville County    SC

A sharply defined ring of hairs ("annulus") inside corolla tube, at bend, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm0310i_07

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The enlarged calyx's helmet-like protuberance flips off when seeds ripen, per All About South Carolina Wildflowers.

image of Scutellaria incana var. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap

JK Marlow    jkm0411a_22

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden