Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 128 taxa in the family Lamiaceae, Mint family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

                       

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Narrowleaf Blue Curls
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trichostema setaceum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trichostema setaceum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trichostema setaceum 164-01-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in thin soils around rock outcrops, esp granite flatrocks, dry sandy soils of the Coastal Plain

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Forked Bluecurls, Common Blue Curls
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trichostema dichotomum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trichostema dichotomum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Trichostema dichotomum 164-01-002   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in dry woodlands, disturbed areas, thin soils around rock outcrops

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Glade Blue Curls, False Pennyroyal, Fluxweed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Trichostema brachiatum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Trichostema brachiatum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in shale barrens, outcrops of calcareous or mafic rock, diabase barrens, calcareous dry prairies, disturbed rocky areas

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Carpet Bugle, Bugle-weed
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ajuga reptans   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ajuga reptans   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ajuga reptans 164-02-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in lawns & roadsides

Rare in NC

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: American Germander, Wood Sage
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Teucrium canadense +   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Teucrium canadense +   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Teucrium canadense 164-03-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it (depending on variety) in rich bottomlands, prairies, marshes

Common to rare, depending on variety

Native

 


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camera icon Common Name: Musky Mint, Cluster Bushmint
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Hyptis alata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hyptis alata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Hyptis alata 164-04-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in wet pine savannas, margins of swamp forests, wet powerline rights-of-way, ditches

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Tropical Bushmint
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cantinoa mutabilis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Hyptis mutabilis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist disturbed areas

Uncommon in GA, rare in SC

Non-native: South America

 


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Common Name: Dwarf Skullcap, Small Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria parvula   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria parvula var. parvula   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria parvula 164-05-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Native to South Carolina

 


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Common Name: Southern Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria australis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria parvula var. australis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria parvula 164-05-001?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, rocky woodlands, glades, barrens, prairies

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Shale-barren Skullcap, Glade Skullcap, Leonard's Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria leonardii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria parvula var. missouriensis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria parvula 164-05-001?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in limestone glades, diabase barrens, shale barrens and woodlands, dry sandy soils

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Scutellaria nervosa, Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap need picture of leaf or frond of Scutellaria nervosa, Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap need picture of flower of Scutellaria nervosa, Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Scutellaria nervosa, Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap need picture of fruit of Scutellaria nervosa, Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap
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speaker icon Common Name: Veined Skullcap, Bottomland Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Scutellaria nervosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria nervosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria nervosa 164-05-002   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in alluvial forests, mesic to dry forests (esp over mafic or calcareous rocks)

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Mad-dog Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria lateriflora   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria lateriflora var. lateriflora   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria lateriflora 164-05-003   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in alluvial forests, bogs, seeps, marshes

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Scutellaria saxatilis, Rock Skullcap need picture of leaf or frond of Scutellaria saxatilis, Rock Skullcap need picture of flower of Scutellaria saxatilis, Rock Skullcap need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Scutellaria saxatilis, Rock Skullcap need picture of fruit of Scutellaria saxatilis, Rock Skullcap
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Common Name: Rock Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria saxatilis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria saxatilis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria saxatilis 164-05-004   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Rare in GA-NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hyssop Skullcap, Narrow-leaved Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria integrifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria integrifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria integrifolia + 164-05-005   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in wet pine savannas, seeps in forests, bottomlands, other moist sites

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria incana var. incana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria incana var. incana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria incana 164-05-006   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands

Uncommon in GA Mountains & NC Piedmont, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Native to North Carolina

 


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Common Name: Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria incana var. australis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria incana var. australis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in longleaf pine sandhills, other dry sandy open woods or woodland margins.

Rare (an endemic)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria incana var. punctata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria incana 164-05-006?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands

Uncommon to rare (broadly endemic to Southern Appalachians)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Skullcap, Serrate Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Scutellaria serrata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria serrata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria serrata 164-05-007   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests

Uncommon in NC, rare in GA & SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Large-flowered Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria montana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria montana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic hardwood (or hardwood-shortleaf pine) forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Skullcap, Elliptic-leaved Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria elliptica var. elliptica   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria elliptica var. elliptica   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria elliptica 164-05-008   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to dry forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Hairy Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria elliptica var. hirsuta   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria elliptica var. hirsuta   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria elliptica 164-05-008?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to dry forests

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Mellichamp's Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Scutellaria mellichampii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria incana var. australis   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria mellichampii 164-05-009   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in sandy deciduous forests on river bluffs, maritime hammocks

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Altamaha Skullcap, Pineland Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria altamaha   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria altamaha   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria mellichampii 164-05-009?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in sandy or rocky, dry forests

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Heartleaf Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Scutellaria ovata ssp. ovata var. ovata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria ovata ssp. ovata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria ovata 164-05-010   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to submesic forests and woodlands

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Appalachian Skullcap, Blue Ridge Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Scutellaria ovata ssp. rugosa var. 1   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria arguta   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist boulderfields at high elevations

Rare (endemic to the high Blue Ridge of w NC and e TN)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Heartleaf Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria ovata ssp. bracteata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in dry forests and woodlands, hammocks

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Heartleaf Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Scutellaria ovata ssp. rugosa var. rugosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria ovata ssp. rugosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Scutellaria ovata 164-05-010?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in shale barrens and other dry woodlands

Uncommon

Native

 


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Common Name: Small's Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria multiglandulosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria multiglandulosa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, dry sandy bluff forests

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Ocmulgee Skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Scutellaria ocmulgee   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria ocmulgee   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in bluff forests and other mesic hardwood forests

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: falseteeth skullcap
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Scutellaria pseudoserrata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Scutellaria pseudoserrata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in rich, rocky forests

Rare (an endemic)

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purple Giant-hyssop
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Agastache scrophulariifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Agastache scrophulariifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Agastache scrophulariaefolia 164-07-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in rich woodlands and forests, bottomlands

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Yellow Giant-hyssop
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Agastache nepetoides   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Agastache nepetoides   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Agastache nepetoides 164-07-002   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in woodlands and forests, generally over calcareous or mafic rocks

Uncommon (rare in NC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Meehania, Meehan's Mint
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Meehania cordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Meehania cordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Meehania cordata 164-08-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist, rocky, forested slopes

Rare in NC

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Catnip, Catmint
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Nepeta cataria   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Nepeta cataria   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Nepeta cataria 164-09-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in fencerows, barnyards, disturbed areas

Uncommon in GA-NC-SC

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Ground Ivy, Gill-over-the-ground, Creeping Charlie
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Glechoma hederacea   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Glechoma hederacea   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISSPELLED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Glecoma hederacea 164-10-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, gardens, disturbed areas

Common

Non-native: Eurasia

 


drawing of Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead need picture of leaf or frond of Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead need picture of flower of Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead need picture of fruit of Dracocephalum parviflorum, American Dragonhead
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Common Name: American Dragonhead
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Dracocephalum parviflorum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
PLANTS National Database: Dracocephalum parviflorum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Moldavica parviflora 164-11-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in cultivated ground

Waif(s)

Native: western North America

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eurasian Self-heal, Eurasian Heal-all
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prunella vulgaris ssp. vulgaris   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Prunella vulgaris 164-12-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides, bottomland forests, other forests & woodlands

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Heal-all, American Self-heal, Lance Selfheal
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Prunella vulgaris var. lanceolata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Prunella vulgaris 164-12-001?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas, pastures, roadsides, bottomland forests, other forests & woodlands

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Northern Obedient-plant, False Dragonhead, Obedient-plant
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Physostegia virginiana ssp. virginiana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physostegia virginiana ssp. virginiana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dracocephalum virginianum 164-13-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it on streambanks, seepages, marshes, grassy balds (native occurrences usually over mafic or calcareous rocks), other open or semi-open moist to wet habitats, disturbed areas, ditches

Rare as a native, more common as an escape from cultivation

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Obedient-plant
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physostegia virginiana ssp. praemorsa   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dracocephalum virginianum 164-13-001?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in woodlands, glades, seepages, esp over calcareous or mafic rock

Common (uncommon in GA Mountains & Piedmont, and in NC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Savanna Obedient-plant, Eastern False Dragonhead
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Physostegia purpurea   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physostegia purpurea   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dracocephalum purpureum 164-13-002   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in wet savannas, savanna-swamp ecotones, ditches adjacent to former pinelands

Uncommon in GA-NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Tidal Marsh Obedient-plant, Swamp Obedient-plant, Narrowleaf Obedient-plant, Slenderleaf False Dragonhead
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Physostegia leptophylla   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physostegia leptophylla   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Dracocephalum purpureum 164-13-002?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland hardwood forests, swamps, tidal freshwater or slightly brackish (oligohaline) marshes, rarely wet savannas (GA)

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Narrowleaf Obedient-plant
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Physostegia angustifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Physostegia angustifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in calcareous openings

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Carolina Birds-in-a-nest, Carolina Macbridea, Carolina Bogmint
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Macbridea caroliniana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Macbridea caroliniana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Macbridea caroliniana 164-14-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, esp in sphagnous seepage areas away from direct flooding, savanna edges, ditches

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Synandra hispidula, Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra need picture of leaf or frond of Synandra hispidula, Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra need picture of flower of Synandra hispidula, Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Synandra hispidula, Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra need picture of fruit of Synandra hispidula, Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra
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Common Name: Guyandotte Beauty, Synandra
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Synandra hispidula   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Synandra hispidula   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Synandra hispidula 164-15-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist, rich forests

Rare (a broad Appalachian endemic)

Native to North Carolina

 


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Common Name: Motherwort, Lion's-tail
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Leonurus cardiaca   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDING PLANTS National Database: Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Leonurus cardiaca 164-16-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Uncommon in NC Mountains & Piedmont, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Non-native: central Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Henbit
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lamium amplexicaule var. amplexicaule   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Lamium amplexicaule   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lamium amplexicaule 164-19-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, gardens, pastures

Common

Non-native: Eurasia & northern Africa

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purple Deadnettle, Red Deadnettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Lamium purpureum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lamium purpureum var. purpureum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lamium purpureum 164-19-002   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, pastures

Common (rare in GA Coastal Plain)

Non-native: Eurasia

 


drawing of Lamium maculatum, Spotted Deadnettle need picture of leaf or frond of Lamium maculatum, Spotted Deadnettle need picture of flower of Lamium maculatum, Spotted Deadnettle need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Lamium maculatum, Spotted Deadnettle need picture of fruit of Lamium maculatum, Spotted Deadnettle
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Common Name: Spotted Deadnettle
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Lamium maculatum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Lamium maculatum   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Lamium maculatum 164-19-XX   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in lawns, fields, roadsides, disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Florida Betony, Rattlesnake-weed, Florida Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys floridana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stachys floridana   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys floridana 164-20-001   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed sites, on roadsides

Uncommon

Native: Florida (& possibly to GA Coastal Plain)

 


drawing of Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle need picture of leaf or frond of Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle need picture of flower of Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle need picture of fruit of Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia, Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle
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Common Name: Hyssopleaf Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stachys hyssopifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys hyssopifolia var. hyssopifolia 164-20-002a   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist soils of savannas, marshes, seasonally flooded sinkhole ponds, roadside ditches

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides, hyssop-leaved hedgenettle need picture of leaf or frond of Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides, hyssop-leaved hedgenettle need picture of flower of Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides, hyssop-leaved hedgenettle need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides, hyssop-leaved hedgenettle need picture of fruit of Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides, hyssop-leaved hedgenettle
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Common Name: hyssop-leaved hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys hyssopifolia var. lythroides   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Stachys hyssopifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in floodplain forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Roughleaf Hedgenettle, Rough Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys aspera   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stachys aspera   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys hyssopifolia var. ambigua 164-20-002b   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist or wet sandy soil of savannas, marshes, or swamp forests

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Epling's Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys eplingii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Stachys eplingii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys nuttallii 164-20-003   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests, bogs, wet meadows over calcareous or mafic substrates

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Clingman's Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Stachys clingmanii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stachys clingmanii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys clingmanii 164-20-004   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in cove forests, esp periglacial boulderfields, mostly at high elevations

Rare, narrowly endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to North Carolina

 


drawing of Stachys cordata, Heart-leaved Hedgenettle need picture of leaf or frond of Stachys cordata, Heart-leaved Hedgenettle need picture of flower of Stachys cordata, Heart-leaved Hedgenettle need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Stachys cordata, Heart-leaved Hedgenettle need picture of fruit of Stachys cordata, Heart-leaved Hedgenettle
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Common Name: Heart-leaved Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys cordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Stachys cordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys clingmanii 164-20-004?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, esp alluvial bottomlands or over calcareous rocks

Uncommon (rare in GA)

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


drawing of Stachys nuttallii, Nuttall’s Hedgenettle need picture of leaf or frond of Stachys nuttallii, Nuttall’s Hedgenettle need picture of flower of Stachys nuttallii, Nuttall’s Hedgenettle need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Stachys nuttallii, Nuttall’s Hedgenettle need picture of fruit of Stachys nuttallii, Nuttall’s Hedgenettle
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Common Name: Nuttall’s Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys nuttallii   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Stachys cordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys clingmanii 164-20-004?   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, especially alluvial bottomlands or over calcareous rocks (primarily montane but extending eatward)

Rare in GA & NC

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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Common Name: heart-leaved hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys subcordata   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests over calcareous or mafic rocks

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Broadtooth Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys latidens   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Stachys latidens   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys latidens 164-20-005   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in mesic forests in coves & on mountain slopes, mountain pastures & forest edges

Common in NC, rare in GA-SC, endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Smooth Hedgenettle
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Stachys tenuifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
(?) INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Stachys tenuifolia   FAMILY: Lamiaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Stachys tenuifolia 164-20-006   FAMILY: Lamiaceae

 

Look for it in wooded alluvial river bottoms, swamp forests, and roadsides

Rare in NC-SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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"... naming the natural world is a universal, deep-seated and fundamental human activity, one we cannot afford to lose because it is essential to understanding the living world, and our place in it." — Carol Kaesuk Yoon, Reviving the Lost Art of Naming the World