Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1344

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in wet pine savannas, seeps in forests, bottomlands, other moist sites, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Blue/ Violet (lower lip with a pair of white marks)
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lobed calyx with a distinct protuberance on the upper surface
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower plate-like
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Scutellaria integrifolia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria integrifolia   FAMILY Lamiaceae

GREATER THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-05-005:
Scutellaria integrifolia +   FAMILY Lamiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Hyssop Skullcap, Narrow-leaved Skullcap


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_scin2_001_lvd

        

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_scin2_005_lvd

        

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140601_329

May    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140601_334

May    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140601_337

May    Greenville County    SC

Furman University

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_880

May    Sumter County    SC

Lynchburg Savanna Heritage Preserve

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_883

May    Sumter County    SC

Lynchburg Savanna Heritage Preserve

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

Gill Newberry    gn06_scutellaria_int

June        

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

John B. Nelson    jbn_311499994_bf80c14ac3

June    Fairfield County    SC

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060603_058

June    Pickens County    SC

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060603_058b

June    Pickens County    SC

Middle & upper leaves are lanceolate & taper to a sessile base, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060603_061

June    Pickens County    SC

The fieldmark of Skullcaps is a small protuberance on calyx upper lip, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060604_008

June    Pickens County    SC

Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower with a pair of white marks, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060604_015

June    Pickens County    SC

Lower leaves triangular-ovate, margins crenate, petioles slender, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060604_023

June    Pickens County    SC

Unlike other Skullcaps in southern mtns, mid & upper lvs have entire margins, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_integrifolia_1

June        

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060730_024

July    Pickens County    SC

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060730_027

July    Pickens County    SC

Enlarged calyx halves (the lower a persistent "dish") enclose nutlets, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Scutellaria integrifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060730_035

July    Pickens County    SC

Lower leaves may be ovate, toothed, & petiolate, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.