Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1346

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in NC, rare in GA & SC

Look for it in rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Whitish-blue
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lobed calyx with a distinct protuberance on the upper surface
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower plate-like
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a raceme

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Scutellaria serrata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Scutellaria serrata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 164-05-007:
Scutellaria serrata   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Scutellaria serrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Scutellaria serrata var. serrata

 

COMMON NAME:
Showy Skullcap, Serrate Skullcap


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Scutellaria serrata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_scse5_001_lvd

        

image of Scutellaria serrata

JK Marlow    jkm0305t_04

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Stem normally smooth below flowers. Lvs essentially smooth on both sides, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria serrata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_scutellaria_serrata

June        

Racemes normally solitary, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Scutellaria serrata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_scutellaria_serrata_2

June        

The helmet-shaped upper lip covers the 4 stamens, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria serrata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_scutellaria_serrata2

June        

With flowers 1" or more in length, this species is well named, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Scutellaria serrata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_scutellaria_serrata3

June        

2-4" ovate toothed leaves with bases that narrow abruptly to long petioles, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.