Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1395

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of upland and wetland habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Partially evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green/Brownish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-005:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Catbrier, Saw Greenbrier, Bullbrier, Tramp's Trouble


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax bona-nox

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smbo2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smbo2_004_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm0502b_03

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    s050227_f

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

A vine that usually forms low thickets rather than climbing high, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    s050227_q

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves very variable in shape. Stem usually 4-angled, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    s050227_rb

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves entire or bristly ciliate, often variegated with lighter green, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm140523_139

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stalk of the umbel > 1.5x as long as the subtending leaf petiole, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm140523_142

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm140523_143

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Midvein (below) little if any more pronounced than principal lateral veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm101120_244

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Smilax bona-nox

JK Marlow    jkm101120_247

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

Stems (especially the lower) and prickles brownish stellate-scurfy, per Weakley's Flora.