OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-005:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Smilax bona-nox

 

COMMON NAME:
Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smbo2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smbo2_004_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm0502b_03

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_f

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

A vine that usually forms low thickets rather than climbing high, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_q

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves very variable in shape. Stem usually 4-angled, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_rb

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves entire or bristly ciliate, often variegated with lighter green, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_139

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stalk of the umbel > 1.5x as long as the subtending leaf petiole, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_142

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_143

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Midvein (below) little if any more pronounced than principal lateral veins, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm190508_8223

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

Keith Bradley    kab_smilax_bona_nox_77385

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

Keith Bradley    kab_smilax_bona_nox_77394

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm101120_244

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm101120_247

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

Stems (especially the lower) and prickles brownish stellate-scurfy, per Weakley's Flora.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-005:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Smilax bona-nox

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1395

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Habitat: Dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems usually armed with prickles

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Partially evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green/Brownish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary

Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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