Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1395

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides (of various habitats, including wetlands), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

Stem usually armed with prickles

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Partially evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green/Brownish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Smilacaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-005:
Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Smilax bona-nox

 

COMMON NAME:
Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smbo2_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smbo2_004_lvd

        

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm0502b_03

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_f

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

A vine that usually forms low thickets rather than climbing high, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_q

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves very variable in shape. Stem usually 4-angled, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    s050227_rb

February    Horry County    SC

Myrtle Beach State Park

Leaves entire or bristly ciliate, often variegated with lighter green, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_139

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Stalk of the umbel > 1.5x as long as the subtending leaf petiole, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_142

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm140523_143

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Midvein (below) little if any more pronounced than principal lateral veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm190508_8223

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

Keith Bradley    kab_smilax_bona_nox_77385

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

Keith Bradley    kab_smilax_bona_nox_77394

July    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm101120_244

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

image of Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox, Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble

JK Marlow    jkm101120_247

November    Greenville County    SC

Lake Conestee Nature Park

Stems (especially the lower) and prickles brownish stellate-scurfy, per Weakley's Flora.