Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 17 taxa in the family Smilacaceae, Greenbrier family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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drawing of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of leaf or frond of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of flower of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine need picture of fruit of Smilax pseudochina, Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine
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speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Carrionflower, Bamboo-vine
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pseudochina   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pseudochina   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax tamnifolia 041-02-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, swamp forests, edges of pine savannas

Uncommon (rare in GA), endemic to the Atlantic Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Midwestern Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax lasioneura   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax lasioneura   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

 

Look for it in moist deciduous forests, hammocks, bluff forests, pine-oak hickory submesic forests, perhaps only or primarily over mafic rocks

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Carrionflower, Smooth Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax herbacea   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax herbacea   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. herbacea 041-02-002a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist deciduous forests

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain, rare in NC-SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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speaker icon Common Name: Downy Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pulverulenta   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pulverulenta   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax herbacea var. pulverulenta 041-02-002b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist deciduous to dry forests, esp over mafic or calcareous rocks

Common (rare in Coastal Plain, rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Biltmore Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana 041-02-003a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in dry forests (such as dry pine ridges and chestnut oak forests) and moist forests

Rare (an endemic), primarily in Blue Ridge Escarpment region

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Huger's Carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax hugeri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax hugeri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax ecirrhata var. hugeri 041-02-003b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist deciduous forests

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: upright carrionflower
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Smilax ecirrata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) PLANTS National Database: Smilax ecirrhata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae

 

Look for it in forests

Native north and west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax rotundifolia 041-02-004   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in dry-mesic to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, swamps, pond margins, bluffs, flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides.

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stretchberry, Fringed Greenbrier, Catbrier, Tramp's Trouble
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides (of various habitats, including wetlands)

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of leaf or frond of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of flower of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier need picture of fruit of Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis, Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier
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Common Name: Maritime Catbrier, Maritime Saw Greenbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax bona-nox var. littoralis   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Smilax bona-nox   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax bona-nox 041-02-005?   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it on dunes, in maritime thickets, maritime forests (dry maritime habitats)

Uncommon in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bristly Greenbrier, Hellfetter, Chinaroot
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax hispida   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) PLANTS National Database: Smilax tamnoides   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax hispida 041-02-006   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland, riparian, and mesic upland forests

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Whiteleaf Greenbrier, Wild Sarsaparilla, Sawbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax glauca   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
(?) PLANTS National Database: Smilax glauca   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax glauca 041-02-007   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in dry to mesic forests and woodlands, bottomland and riparian forests, bluffs, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, prairies, old fields, fencerows, pastures, roadsides; uncommon in wetlands

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coral Greenbrier, Red-berried Swamp Smilax
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax walteri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax walteri   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax walteri 041-02-008   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, bogs, woodland seeps, often where submersed for at least part of the year

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dune Greenbrier
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax auriculata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax auriculata   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax auriculata 041-02-009   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it on dunes on barrier islands, in dry sandy openings in maritime forests or sandhills near the coast

Common in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax laurifolia 041-02-010   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, swamp forests, wooded seeps and bogs, swamps, and other wetlands, often with groundwater influence

Common in Coastal Plain (rare Piedmont & Mtns), primarily endemic to Southeastern Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Jackson-brier, Unarmed Catbrier, Sweet-scented Smilax
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax smallii   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax smallii   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax smallii 041-02-011   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland and riparian forests, upland forests, hardwood flatwoods, pine flatwoods, wooded seeps, stream banks, roadsides

Uncommon (rare in Carolina Mountains, common GA Coastal Plain))

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Dwarf Smilax, Sarsaparilla-vine
Weakley's Flora: (6/30/18) Smilax pumila   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Smilax pumila   FAMILY: Smilacaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilax pumila 041-02-012   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in mesic to dryish hammocks and bluffs, sandy forests along streams; northward primarily in maritime-influenced mainland forests

Common in Coastal Plain (an endemic)

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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"Humans seldom value what they cannot name." — Elaine Brooks, biologist