OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-003a:
Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Nemexia biltmoreana

 

COMMON NAME:
Biltmore Carrionflower


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm0504s_24

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Plants erect [not vine-like, climbing or sprawling], per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm0504s_25

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm090425_08485

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Stem herbaceous, lacking prickles, per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm090425_087

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm100427_087b

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

The tepals are attached at the base of the superior ovary (developing berry).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm100427_090

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Peduncles usually greater than 4cm long, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm150621_357

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

Lowest peduncle from a leaf axil (very rarely from bract axils), per Weakley's Flora (2015).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm200613_5864

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm200613_5866

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

Leaves glabrous and glaucous beneath, per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsbiltmoreana_trsp1

June    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Leaves 4-7, clustered together near the summit of the stem, per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_25

August    Transylvania County    NC

Leaves thick in texture, leaf base cordate, per Weakley's Flora (2022).

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm120804_194

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm120804_196

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Leaves oblong-ovate, 7-15cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm120804_198

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm180825_4160

August    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Smilax biltmoreana, Biltmore Carrionflower

JK Marlow    jkm180825_4163

August    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-02-003a:
Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Nemexia biltmoreana

 

Find by scientific name:

1397

Forb
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare (an endemic), primarily in Blue Ridge Escarpment region

Habitat: Dry forests (such as dry pine ridges and chestnut oak forests) and moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a range map (and maybe identification notes) from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, whorl-like cluster of 5-7 leaves near stem summit

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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