Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1397

Forb
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare (an endemic), primarily in Blue Ridge Escarpment region

Look for it in dry forests (such as dry pine ridges and chestnut oak forests) and moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, whorl-like cluster of 5-7 leaves near stem summit

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax biltmoreana   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-003a:
Smilax ecirrhata var. biltmoreana   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Nemexia biltmoreana

 

COMMON NAME:
Biltmore Carrionflower


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm0504s_24

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Plants erect [not vine-like, climbing or sprawling] with 5-7 leaves, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm0504s_25

April    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm090425_08485

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

Stem herbaceous, lacking prickles, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm090425_087

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm100427_087b

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

The tepals are attached at the base of the superior ovary (developing berry).

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm100427_090

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Peduncles usually greater than 4cm long, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm100427_090b

April    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm150621_357

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

Lowest peduncle from a leaf axil (very rarely from bract axils), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm150621_358

June    Jackson County    NC

Foothills Trail

Leaves glabrous and glaucous beneath, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsbiltmoreana_trsp1

June    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

Leaves 5-7, clustered together near the summit of the stem, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_25

August    Transylvania County    NC

Leaves thick in texture, leaf base cordate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm120804_194

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm120804_196

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Leaves oblong-ovate, 7-15cm long, apex obtuse, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax biltmoreana

JK Marlow    jkm120804_198

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest