Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1399

Herbaceous vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain, rare in NC-SC Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist deciduous forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in spherical umbels from leaf axils

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax herbacea   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax herbacea   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-002a:
Smilax herbacea var. herbacea   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Carrionflower


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax herbacea

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smhe_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm0505k_15

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm120505_053

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm140519_921

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm140519_922

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm150508_966c

May    Union County    GA

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm150508_970

May    Union County    GA

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm0406i_22

June    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Bald

Peduncles 5-8x long as the subtending petioles, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm0406i_23

June    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Bald

Flowers in axillary umbels, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm090607_005

June    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm090607_005b

June    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Sepals, petals, and carpels 3; stamens 6, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm090607_009

June    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Tendrils present and numerous, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax herbacea

Tim Spira    tpssherbacea1

June        

Leaf bases cordate, margins convex in outline, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060805_412

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060805_423

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060805_428

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060805_429

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060813_177

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Stem herbaceous, lacking prickles. Plant vine-like, climbing or sprawling, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060813_181

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm060813_187

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm0509j_05

September    Transylvania County    NC

Silver Run Preserve

image of Smilax herbacea

Ron Lance    rwl_smilaxherbacea

September    Jackson County    NC

Fruit dark blue and glaucous, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm111008_862

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

image of Smilax herbacea

JK Marlow    jkm111008_890

October    Jackson County    NC

Balsam Mountain Preserve

Smilax herbacea at the bottom left; Dioscorea on the upper right