Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1400

Climbing woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare Piedmont & Mtns), primarily endemic to Southeastern Coastal Plain

Look for it in pocosins, swamp forests, wooded seeps and bogs, swamps, and other wetlands, often with groundwater influence, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist

Stem usually viciously armed with stout prickles almost 1cm long

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bluish-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-010:
Smilax laurifolia   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Smilax laurifolia

 

COMMON NAME:
Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smla_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smla_005_lvd

        

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    jkm120512_726

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves often rounded to an acute apex, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    jkm110814_234

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    jkm110814_237

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    s070920_a

September    Pickens County    SC

Poe Creek State Forest

Leaves coriaceous, oblong or oblong-lanceolate to oblong-linear, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    jkm141025_293

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Midvein below much more pronounced than the principal lateral veins, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

JK Marlow    jkm141025_298

October    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Prickles of the stem broad-based and awl-like or catclaw-like, not abundant, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmslaurifolia_longbay1

Month Unknown    Barnwell County    SC

High-climbing, scrambling vine that can form impenetrable thickets. — Patrick McMillan

image of Smilax laurifolia, Bamboo-vine, Blaspheme-vine, Wild Bamboo, Laurel-leaf Greenbriar

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmslaurifolia_oceanbay3

Month Unknown    Horry County    SC

Lewis Ocean Bay Heritage Preserve

Leaves 2-4" long, leathery, green to yellowish-green above. — Patrick McMillan