Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1401

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to South Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA - SC

Common

Look for it in mesic to dryish hammocks and bluffs; northward primarily in maritime-influenced mainland forest, with Magnolia grandiflora and Tilia americana var. caroliniana, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Fall
Yellowish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Winter/Spring
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax pumila   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax pumila   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-012:
Smilax pumila   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Dwarf Smilax, Sarsaparilla-vine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax pumila

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_pumila_sarsaparilla

March        

Berry bright red, ovoid, tapered to an obtuse beak, 1-seeded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax pumila

JK Marlow    jkm090717_059

July    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

Stem woody, lacking prickles. Plant rarely greater than 0.5m tall, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax pumila

JK Marlow    jkm090717_083

July    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

image of Smilax pumila

JK Marlow    jkm090717_083b

July    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

Leaves green and pilose to glabrate above, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax pumila

JK Marlow    jkm090717_087

July    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

Leaves white or grayish-white tomentose beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.