Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1402

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of upland and wetland habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Partially evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bluish-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-004:
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smro_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smro_004_lvd

        

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    s050126_ab

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

A high-climbing glabrous vine, often attaining heights of more than 10m, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    s050126_c

January    Greenville County    SC

Leaf apex acute or acuminate. Leaf base rounded, cordate or truncate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm120407_782

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Stems green, coarse, sharply to obscurely quadrangular, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    s040419_d

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm060506_134

May    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves thin, subcoriaceous [that is, somewhat or almost coriaceous], per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm060525_004

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Flowers in axillary umbels, perianth greenish, campanulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm060525_007

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm060525_010

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    s060525_a

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    s060525_b

May    Greenville County    SC

Stem woody, usually with prickles. Plant climbing, ascending or trailing, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax rotundifolia, Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier

JK Marlow    jkm0308d_20

August    Greenville County    SC

Leaves thick, coriaceous, dark lustrous green, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.