Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1402

Woody vine
Perennial
Dioecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of upland and wetland habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Partially evergreen
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellowish-green
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens in staminate flowers
Superior ovary
Flowers in axillary umbels

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Bluish-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Smilacaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-02-004:
Smilax rotundifolia   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Greenbrier, Common Catbrier, Bullbrier, Horsebrier


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_smro_001_lvd

        

image of Smilax rotundifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_smro_004_lvd

        

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s050126_ab

January    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

A high-climbing glabrous vine, often attaining heights of more than 10m, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s050126_c

January    Greenville County    SC

Leaf apex acute or acuminate. Leaf base rounded, cordate or truncate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120407_782

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Stems green, coarse, sharply to obscurely quadrangular, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s040419_d

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060506_134

May    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves thin, subcoriaceous [that is, somewhat or almost coriaceous], per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060525_004

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

Flowers in axillary umbels, perianth greenish, campanulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060525_007

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm060525_010

May    Greenville County    SC

Parking lot

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s060525_a

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    s060525_b

May    Greenville County    SC

Stem woody, usually with prickles. Plant climbing, ascending or trailing, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Smilax rotundifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0308d_20

August    Greenville County    SC

Leaves thick, coriaceous, dark lustrous green, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.