Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1408

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, gardens, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White to purple
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Yellow
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 165-05-005:
Solanum carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

Gill Newberry    gn04_s_carolinense_fruits

April        

Fruit a 2-celled berry with many seeds, spherical, smooth turning wrinkled, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    s000524_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Scattered but sharp prickles and leaves with shallow lobes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm100821_447

August    Greenville County    SC

5-lobed, pale violet to white flowers, ~ 3/4" wide; yellow anthers prominent, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm100821_449

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm150808_604

August    Watauga County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_solanum_carolinense_2

August        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

Gill Newberry    gn09_copy_of_s_caro_2

September        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanumense_carolin

September        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanumense_carolin2

September        

Calyx tube 2-3mm long, calyx lobes acuminate, 3-6mm long depending on age, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0471

September    Henderson County    NC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0472

September    Henderson County    NC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0474

September    Henderson County    NC

Style greenish, glabrous, to 1.5cm long. Stigma dark green, per www.missouriplants.com.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense, Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0510

September    Henderson County    NC

The berries are yellow, 0.4"-0.6" wide, and deadly poisonous, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.