Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1408

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fields, gardens, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White to purple
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Yellow
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum carolinense var. carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 165-05-005:
Solanum carolinense   FAMILY Solanaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Horse Nettle, Bull Nettle, Ball Nettle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

Gill Newberry    gn04_s_carolinense_fruits

April        

Fruit a 2-celled berry with many seeds, spherical, smooth turning wrinkled, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    s000524_a

May    Greenville County    SC

Scattered but sharp prickles and leaves with shallow lobes, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm100821_447

August    Greenville County    SC

5-lobed, pale violet to white flowers, ~ 3/4" wide; yellow anthers prominent, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm100821_449

August    Greenville County    SC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm150808_604

August    Watauga County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_solanum_carolinense_2

August        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

Gill Newberry    gn09_copy_of_s_caro_2

September        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanumense_carolin

September        

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanumense_carolin2

September        

Calyx tube 2-3mm long, calyx lobes acuminate, 3-6mm long depending on age, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0471

September    Henderson County    NC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0472

September    Henderson County    NC

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0474

September    Henderson County    NC

Style greenish, glabrous, to 1.5cm long. Stigma dark green, per www.missouriplants.com.

image of Solanum carolinense var. carolinense

JK Marlow    jkm170914_0510

September    Henderson County    NC

The berries are yellow, 0.4"-0.6" wide, and deadly poisonous, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.