Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1462

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon thru most of our range (common in NC-SC Piedmont, rare in Coastal Plain

Look for it in nutrient-rich bottomland forests, extending upslope over calcareous or mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish-white
Bisexual
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5 petals, corolla campanulate
5 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Crossosomatales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Staphylea trifolia   FAMILY Staphyleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Staphylea trifolia   FAMILY Staphyleaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 114-01-001:
Staphylea trifolia   FAMILY Staphyleaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bladdernut


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Staphylea trifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_sttr_001_lvd

        

image of Staphylea trifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_staphylea_trifolia_4

January        

Twigs greenish, glabrous; leaf scars opposite, buds clearly visible, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Staphylea trifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_staphylea_trifolia_7

January        

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120326_026

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Staphylea trifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_staphylea_trifolia_2

March        

image of Staphylea trifolia

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4897

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Flower stalks about 3/4" long and subtended by a white bract, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Staphylea trifolia

Bill Sharpton    gws1462_a2

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Flowers bell-shaped, in drooping clusters at the tip of new branchlets, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm090404_107

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm170401_423

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

image of Staphylea trifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_staphylea_trifolia2

April        

Stamens 5, about equalling the corolla, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Staphylea trifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_staphylea_trifolia_3

May        

Fruit a 3-lobed, inflated or bladderlike pod about 2-5cm long, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080705_121

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The opposite trifoliate leaves with serrulate margins are diagnostic, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150827_916

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150827_917

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm150827_919

August    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Bark gray, smooth, often white-striped on some young stems, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Staphylea trifolia

Sam Pratt    sbp_3393

September    Spartanburg County    SC

In cultivation

image of Staphylea trifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0310g_31

October    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Fruit persistent into winter, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.