Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1476

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in rich forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, upper slopes of cove forests, floodplain forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal rosette & whorls of 3-9 (mostly 4)

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish/Whitish with brownish-purple dots
Radially symmetrical
4-lobed calyx
4-5 lobed rotate corolla
4 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Frasera caroliniensis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Frasera caroliniensis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 155-03-001:
Swertia caroliniensis   FAMILY Gentianaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Columbo


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_frca2_001_lvd

        

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm170408_466

April    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm170408_468

April    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm170408_470

April    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_frasera_carolinensis

April        

The leafy, robust stems may be over 3m tall, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Wesley Burnett    gwb070528_0639b

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Wesley Burnett    gwb070528_0640

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Calyx lobes lanceolate, 0.6-1.5cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Wesley Burnett    gwb070528_0647

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Produces only basal rosettes for several years, then flowers and dies, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm070528_027

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Basal rosette leaves oblanceolate, to 60cm long, per Gentians of the Eastern US.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm070528_038

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Pollinator at work

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm070528_049

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Frasera caroliniensis

JK Marlow    jkm070528_053

May    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_caroliniensis_14

May        

Each 5/8" long petal has near its center a green gland fringed w long hairs, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Frasera caroliniensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_f_caroliniensis_7

May