Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on a particular plant will lead you to more information and/or photographs:

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 31 taxa in the family Gentianaceae, Gentian family, as understood by PLANTS National Database.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: White Sabatia, Lanceleaf Rose-gentian, Lanceleaf Sabatia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia difformis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia difformis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia difformis 155-01-001   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, bogs, pocosins

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Four-angle Sabatia, Four-angle Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia quadrangula   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia quadrangula   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia quadrangula 155-01-002   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, moist forests, pocosin ecotones.

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Narrowleaf Rose-pink, Narrowleaf Rose-gentian, Narrowleaf Sabatia
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia brachiata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia brachiata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia brachiata 155-01-004   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in mesic pinelands, sandhills, pine savannas, pine flatwoods

Uncommon (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rose-pink, Bitterbloom, Common Marsh-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia angularis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia angularis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia angularis 155-01-005   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in forests, woodlands, marshes, fields

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Annual Sea-pink, Salt-marsh Pink, Rose-of-Plymouth
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia stellaris   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia stellaris   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia stellaris 155-01-007   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in brackish marshes

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Slender Marsh-pink, Slender Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia campanulata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia campanulata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia campanulata 155-01-008   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas, bogs

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Coastal Rose-pink, Coastal Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Sabatia calycina   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia calycina   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia calycina 155-01-009   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in swamp forests, on river banks

Common in Coastal Plain

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Perennial Sea-pink, Large Marsh Rose-pink, Marsh Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia dodecandra   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia dodecandra var. dodecandra   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia dodecandra var. dodecandra 155-01-010a   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in tidal brackish & freshwater marshes

Common (rare in GA)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Marsh Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia foliosa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia dodecandra var. foliosa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia dodecandra var. dodecandra 155-01-010a?   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Uncommon

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Bartram's Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia bartramii   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia bartramii   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia dodecandra var. coriacea 155-01-010b   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in margins of Taxodium ascendens-Nyssa depressions, wet pine flatwoods

Uncommon in GA, rare in SC

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Plymouth Rose-gentian, Plymouth Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia kennedyana   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia kennedyana   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia dodecandra var. kennedyana 155-01-010c   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in seasonally exposed drawdown banks of the Waccamaw River, in adjacent ditches and disturbed flats

Rare

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon Common Name: Pinewoods Rose-gentian, Pinewoods Rose-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia gentianoides   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia gentianoides   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Sabatia gentianoides 155-01-011   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in pine savannas

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Cumberland Rose-gentian, Appalachian Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia capitata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia capitata   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in sloping woodlands and meadows, over sandstone or shale

Rare

Native to Georgia & apparently North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Largeflower Rose-gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Sabatia grandiflora   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Sabatia grandiflora   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in wet flatwoods, marshes, cypress-gum depressions, limesink ponds, borrow pits

Native to Florida & Alabama

 


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camera icon Common Name: Eastern Fringed Gentian, Greater Fringed Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentianopsis crinita   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentianopsis crinita   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana crinita 155-02-001   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in sunny or semi-shaded seepage areas over calcareous, mafic, or ultramafic rocks (such as limestone, amphibolite, or serpentinized olivine)

Rare

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Stiff Gentian, Appalachian Gentianella, Fivefinger Gentian, Eastern Agueweed
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Gentianella quinquefolia   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentianella quinquefolia ssp. quinquefolia   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana quinquefolia 155-02-002   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in forests, grassy balds

Common in NC Mountains, uncommon elsewhere

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pinebarren Gentian, Autumn Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana autumnalis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana autumnalis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana autumnalis 155-02-003   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in savannas, pine flatwoods, sandhills, in a variety of sites varying from moist to very xeric nearly always (in NC-SC) associated with Pinus palustris and/or Aristida stricta

Uncommon in NC, rare in SC

Native to the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Striped Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana villosa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana villosa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana villosa 155-02-004   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in upland forests, sandhill/pocosin ecotones

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Gentiana alba, Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian need picture of leaf or frond of Gentiana alba, Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian need picture of flower of Gentiana alba, Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Gentiana alba, Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian need picture of fruit of Gentiana alba, Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian
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Common Name: Pale Gentian, Plain Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana alba   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana alba   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana alba 155-02-005   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in moist meadows

Rare

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Gentian, Showy Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana decora   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana decora   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana decora 155-02-006   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in forests

Common (rare in Piedmont), endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Meadow Closed Gentian, Meadow Bottle Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana clausa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Gentiana clausa   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana clausa 155-02-007   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in forests

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Blue Ridge Gentian, Appalachian Gentian, Pine Barren Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana austromontana   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana austromontana   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana clausa 155-02-007?   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it mountain forests and grassy balds, especially at medium to high elevations, but descending to ca. 600 m (2200 feet)

Uncommon

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon Common Name: Balsam Mountain Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana latidens   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana saponaria var. latidens   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana clausa 155-02-007?   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in moist, often seeping, more or less open sites on rocky slopes

Rare, restricted to the higher mountains of NC south of Asheville

Native to North Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Soapwort Gentian, Harvest Bells
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana saponaria   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana saponaria   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana saponaria 155-02-008   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, marshes, wet hardwood forests, other moist to wet habitats

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Coastal Plain Gentian, Catesby's Gentian, Elliott's Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana catesbaei   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana catesbaei   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Gentiana catesbaei 155-02-009   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in pocosins, moist savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages

Common in Coastal Plain (rare in Piedmont & Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii, Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian need picture of leaf or frond of Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii, Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian need picture of flower of Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii, Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii, Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian need picture of fruit of Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii, Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian
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speaker icon Common Name: Prairie Closed Gentian, Closed Bottle Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana andrewsii var. andrewsii   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in meadows, seeps, forest edges

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Gentiana linearis, Narrowleaf Gentian need picture of leaf or frond of Gentiana linearis, Narrowleaf Gentian need picture of flower of Gentiana linearis, Narrowleaf Gentian need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Gentiana linearis, Narrowleaf Gentian need picture of fruit of Gentiana linearis, Narrowleaf Gentian
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Common Name: Narrowleaf Gentian
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Gentiana linearis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Gentiana linearis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in openings in spruce-fir forest, bogs, at high elevations

Rare

Native: north of the Carolinas

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Columbo
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Frasera caroliniensis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Frasera caroliniensis   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Swertia caroliniensis 155-03-001   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in rich forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, upper slopes of cove forests, floodplain forests

Rare

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Spring Bartonia, White Bartonia, White Screwstem
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Bartonia verna   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bartonia verna   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bartonia verna 155-04-001   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in wet pine savannas, on shores of Coastal Plain depression ponds, interdune swales, other moist sands

Common (uncommon in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Virginia Bartonia, Yellow Screwstem, Yellow Bartonia, Common Bartonia
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Bartonia virginica   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Bartonia virginica   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Bartonia virginica 155-04-002   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in bogs, swamps, savannas, pocosin ecotones, pocosins, dune swales

Uncommon (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pennywort, Virginia Pennywort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Obolaria virginica   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Obolaria virginica   FAMILY: Gentianaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Obolaria virginica 155-05-001   FAMILY: Gentianaceae

 

Look for it in nutrient-rich, moist forests, mesic hammocks

Common (rare in Coastal Plain south of VA, uncommon in GA Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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