Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1501

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & possibly Georgia
Documented growing wild in (GA) NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Basal leaves usually simple; upper leaves appearing trifoliolate
Basal & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
Inferior ovary
Compound umbel with 4-10(-11) rays

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of two mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 140-15-001b:
Thaspium trifoliatum var. flavum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Thaspium trifoliatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Meadow Parsnip, Woodland Parsnip


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm0404x_37

April    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Various workers have differed on the characters to separate the two varieties, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm0504l_32

April    Henderson County    NC

Compound umbel with 4-10(-11) rays; central flower of each umbellet pedicelled, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm090412_154

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm090412_162

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Cauline leaves are pinnate with 3 or 5 leaflets, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm120415_020

April    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm120415_022

April    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Teeth of leaflets fine, relatively obtuse, with a thickened translucent border, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm0005a_32

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Upper leaves with 3 (rarely 5) lanceolate to ovate, toothed leaflets, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm0305l_10

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. aureum

JK Marlow    jkm120526_631

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves have a transparent border. Basal lvs simple, heart to kidney-shaped, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.