Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1502

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & possibly Georgia
Documented growing wild in (GA) NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Basal leaves usually simple; upper leaves appearing trifoliolate
Basal & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
Inferior ovary
Compound umbel with 4-10(-11) rays

FRUIT:
Summer
Schizocarp of two mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 140-15-001a:
Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum   FAMILY Apiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Thaspium trifoliatum

 

COMMON NAME:
Purple Meadow Parsnip, Woodland Parsnip


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_thtr_001_lvd

        

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm0505h_32

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm080504_097

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm080504_097b

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Compound umbel with 4-10(-11) rays, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm080504_097c

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

All flowers with distinct pedicels. Petals maroon or dark purple, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm150505_906

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm150505_911

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm150505_912

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmttrifoliatum_swain2b

May    Swain County    NC

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    s080504_b

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Upper leaves with 3 (rarely 5) lanceolate to ovate, toothed leaflets, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    s080504_d

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Teeth fine, relatively obtuse, with a thickened translucent border, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Thaspium trifoliatum var. trifoliatum

JK Marlow    jkm120727_951

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Oval capsules (schizocarps) with ribs prominently winged, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.