Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1536

Forb
Annual

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on roadsides, in fields, lawns, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trifolium campestre   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trifolium campestre   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-14-013:
Trifolium campestre   FAMILY Fabaceae

(?) (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Trifolium procumbens

 

COMMON NAME:
Hop Clover, Low Hop Clover, Field Clover


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trifolium campestre

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trpr7_001_lvd

        

image of Trifolium campestre

JK Marlow    jkm160331_209

March    Greenville County    SC

Field

Leaflets mostly denticulate above the middle, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium campestre

Roxanna Martin    rlm41711_240

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Heads ovoid, or globose to short-cylindric, 0.8-1.2cm in diameter, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium campestre

Roxanna Martin    rlm4911_38

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Peduncles 1-3cm long, 20-40 flowers per head, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium campestre

Roxanna Martin    rlm4911_43

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Trifolium campestre

JK Marlow    s000423_j

April    Greenville County    SC

Usually 20+ flowers in each head, which is 1/2" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Trifolium campestre

JK Marlow    s040420_b

April    Greenville County    SC

Churchyard or cemetery

Widely branched annual 4-12" tall with a hairy stem & branches, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Trifolium campestre

JK Marlow    s040430_ab

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Trifolium campestre

JK Marlow    s040430_c

April    Greenville County    SC

Petiolule of the terminal leaflet 1-3mm long, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Trifolium campestre

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trifolium_campestre_3

May        

Standard with 5 obvious diagonal veins (striations), per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Hop Clover species

image of Trifolium campestre

Steve Marlow    snm140523_070b

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Heads generally have 20-30 flowers, per Weakley's Flora.