Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1539

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in GA Coastal Plain)

Look for it in fields, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Pink, purplish
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trifolium pratense   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trifolium pratense   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-14-005:
Trifolium pratense   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Red Clover


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trifolium pratense

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trpr2_001_lvd

        

image of Trifolium pratense

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_trpr2_005_lvd

        

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm0205b_09a

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm140525_204

May    Henderson County    NC

Flowers are tiny, pink, sessile, and borne in a round head 1" across, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm140525_204b

May    Henderson County    NC

Petals 1.2-1.8cm long, with the standard longer than wings or keel, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium pratense

Roxanna Martin    rlm51008_153

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Trifolium pratense

Roxanna Martin    rlm5810_198

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Short-lived perennial with numerous appressed-hairy stems, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120626_301

June    Greenville County    SC

Heads subtended by enlarged stipules and/or opposite or subopposite leaves, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120626_303

June    Greenville County    SC

Lanceolate to elliptical leaflets, each with a prominent pale green "V", per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and palmately compound

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120626_305

June    Greenville County    SC

Stems numerous, glabrous or more commonly pilose to villous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm150607_278

June    McDowell County?    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm150607_280

June    McDowell County?    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120703_414

July    Greenville County    SC

Its flowers are actually rose-purple (occasionally white) [not red], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120703_414b

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm120703_422

July    Greenville County    SC

Stems numerous from crown, erect or ascending, stout, per Flora of North America.

image of Trifolium pratense

Roxanna Martin    rlm71610_227

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Trifolium pratense

Roxanna Martin    rlm71909_166

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Legume ovoid-oblong, circumscissile, 1-seeded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trifolium pratense

JK Marlow    jkm060813_128

August    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Probably the best-known clover of the southern mountains, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.