Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1545

Forb
Perennial

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Uncommon, nearly endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Look for it in moist coves over mafic or calcareous rocks, locally abundant in the vicinity of the Great Smokies , per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Flowers are sessile.
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Maroon-red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium luteum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium luteum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-001b:
Trillium cuneatum var. luteum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Trillium viride var. luteum

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Trillium, Yellow Toadshade, Lemon Trillium, Wax Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium luteum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1545_a

April        

Leaves sometimes only weakly mottled, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium luteum

Craig Myers    cam_groupoftrilliums

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Flower lemon-scented, petals more or less erect & > 2x long as stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Trillium luteum

Harry Davis    hld1545_crw_0782

April        

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Ovary and stamens greenish-white during flowering, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE stamen color in yellow-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm080420_008

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm080420_026

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm140418_316

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Pollen sacs facing inward, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm140418_319

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm150424_662

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm160426_565

April    Polk County    NC

In cultivation

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm170415_696

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Trillium luteum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_luteum_6

April        

Petals erect, somewhat overlapping concealing inner parts, not clawed, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE petal shape in yellow-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium luteum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_luteum_yellow_tri_2

May        

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm160727_416

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Trillium luteum

JK Marlow    jkm160727_416b

July    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden