Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1547

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Maroon or White, or yellow, green, or various intermediate shades
Pedicel 1-10+cm long
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Purple/Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-006a:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trer3_001_lvd

        

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060429_073

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Petals may be maroon, white, yellow, greenish, or speckled, per Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060429_163

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Petals rarely more than 2x as broad as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060429_165

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm170413_569

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stamens & ovary (cup) totally exposed. Sepals & petals (saucer) spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0405h_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Petals spreading from base in the same plane as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0405k_30

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Petal color varies, but all T. erectum have a dark ovary, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of white-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_33

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0505p_07

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves uniformly green, about as wide as long, and stalkless, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060508_158

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Sepals 0.5-0.8x as long as the pedicel, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm160503_186

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Stamens about as long as pistil or shorter, visible from side view, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm160503_188

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

image of Trillium erectum, Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_erectum_5_06_07_3_s

May    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

Petals lanceolate to narrowly ovate or elliptic, per Weakley's Flora.