Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1547

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Piedmont)

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Maroon or White, or yellow, green, or various intermediate shades
Pedicel 1-10+cm long
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Purple/Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-006a:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wake-robin, Red Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium erectum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trer3_001_lvd

        

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm060429_073

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Petals may be maroon, white, yellow, greenish, or speckled, per Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm060429_163

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Petals rarely more than 2x as broad as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm060429_165

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm170413_569

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Stamens & ovary (cup) totally exposed. Sepals & petals (saucer) spreading, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm0405h_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Petals spreading from base in the same plane as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm0405k_30

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Petal color varies, but all T. erectum have a dark ovary, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of white-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_33

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm0505p_07

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves uniformly green, about as wide as long, and stalkless, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm060508_158

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Sepals 0.5-0.8x as long as the pedicel, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm160503_186

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Stamens about as long as pistil or shorter, visible from side view, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium erectum

JK Marlow    jkm160503_188

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

image of Trillium erectum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_erectum_5_06_07_3_s

May    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

Petals lanceolate to narrowly ovate or elliptic, per Weakley's Flora.