Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1547

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Look for it on wooded slopes, usually at middle to high elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Maroon, yellow, green, or various intermediate shades
Pedicel 1-10+cm long
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Purple/Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-03-006a:
Trillium erectum var. erectum   FAMILY Liliaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Trillium erectum

 

COMMON NAME:
Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trer3_001_lvd

        

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060429_163

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Petals rarely more than 2x as broad as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060429_165

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Petals maroon, yellow, green, or various intermediate shades, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

Keith Bradley    kab_trillium_erectum_2140

April    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0405h_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Petals spreading from base in the same plane as the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0505o_33

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

A trillium with erect flower stalk and narrow petals is likely T. erectum, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm0505p_07

May    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves uniformly green, about as wide as long, and stalkless, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm060508_158

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Sepals 0.5-0.8x as long as the pedicel, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm160503_186

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

Stamens about as long as pistil or shorter, visible from side view, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

JK Marlow    jkm160503_188

May    Haywood-Jackson Counties    NC

image of Trillium erectum var. erectum, Red-flowered Red Trillium, Purple Trillium, Stinking Willie, Stinking Benjamin

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_erectum_5_06_07_3_s

May    Towns-Union Counties    GA

Brasstown Bald

Petals lanceolate to narrowly ovate or elliptic, per Weakley's Flora.