Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1555

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)

Look for it in rich woodlands and forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile to subsessile

FLOWER:
Spring
White or Maroon
Pedicel 1-1.5x length of sepals
Flowers below the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Dark reddish-purple
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium rugelii   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium rugelii   FAMILY Liliaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-005?:
Trillium cernuum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Southern Nodding Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium rugelii

Bill Sharpton    gws1555_a

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

For years T. rugelii was thought to be synonymous with T. cernuum, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm070407_022

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

"T. cernuum" is now considered to be restricted to the northeastern US, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm090412_208

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

Petals ovate to elliptic, much broader than the sepals, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm170401_437

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Leaves not mottled, rhombic to rhombic-ovate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm170408_493

April    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Petals strongly recurved; ovary mostly white to pink, stamens bicolored, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm170408_494

April    Laurens County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Pedicel normally below the leaves, when above, the flower facing downward, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium rugelii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_rugelii_southnod_9

April        

image of Trillium rugelii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_rugelii_2

April        

image of Trillium rugelii

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_rugelii_9

April        

Filaments white; anthers lavender to vivid purple and longer than filaments, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE flowers of white-flowering Trilliums

image of Trillium rugelii

JK Marlow    jkm080504_001

May    Swain County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Petals white or maroon, per Weakley's Flora.