Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1641

Forb
Winter annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains, rare in GA)

Look for it on roadsides, in fields, other disturbed habitats, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves pubescent, at least on the veins beneath

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Cream (with a yellow center, often with purple veins or tips)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola arvensis   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola arvensis   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-027:
Viola arvensis   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola arvensis

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola arvensis

 

COMMON NAME:
European Field Pansy


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola arvensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viar_001_lvd

        

image of Viola arvensis

Frank Breazeale    fwb020112_001

February    Anderson County    SC

Middle 2 petals usually no longer than sepals, per www.plant-identification.co.uk

image of Viola arvensis

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu11631b

March    Anderson County    SC

Simpson Agricultural Experiment Station

Similar to V. rafinesquii, but the stems are more robust, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Viola arvensis

JK Marlow    jkm140308_083b

March    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Sepals oblong-lanceolate, apex acute; basal auricles irregularly toothed, per Flora of China.

image of Viola arvensis

JK Marlow    jkm140308_089

March    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Viola arvensis

JK Marlow    jkm150327_946

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola arvensis

JK Marlow    jkm150327_948

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola arvensis

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25396

April    Stanly County    NC

image of Viola arvensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvarvensis_xs2

April