Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1643

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in rich cove forests, other rich mesic situations, such as floodplains, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves glabrous or with some short stiff trichomes

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White (with a yellow center, and tinged with violet beneath)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-021a:
Viola canadensis var. canadensis   FAMILY Violaceae

LESS THAN Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola canadensis

 

COMMON NAME:
Canada Violet, Tall White Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_canadensis_3

March        

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu57185

April    Graham County    NC

Has leafy stems & leaves that are heart-shaped with long-pointed apices, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0504l_23

April    Henderson County    NC

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080420_147

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

White flowers with a yellow eye and purple veins near the base of the petals, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm180414_301

April    Polk County    NC

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm180414_305

April    Polk County    NC

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_canadensis_violet

April        

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Steve Marlow    snm090405_026

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

The tallest violet in southern mountains, this bears flowers in leaf axils, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Tim Spira    tpsvcanadensis

April        

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0405g_03

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

Backs of the petals are usually tinged with violet, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm090503_092

May    Polk County    NC

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm090503_094

May    Polk County    NC

Petals white with a yellow center, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150508_934

May    Union County    GA

Sosebee Cove

Fruit an ellipsoid to globose capsule, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm150508_934b

May    Union County    GA

Sosebee Cove

Peduncles shorter (rarely longer) than the leaves. Sepals 4-10mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160503_157

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_canadensis_5

May        

image of Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44826

June    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed