Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1679

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Look for it on streambanks & riverbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately compound: 3-5 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Winter/Spring
Maroon
5 sepals
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish
Aggregate of follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Xanthorhiza simplicissima   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Xanthorhiza simplicissima   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 076-01-001:
Xanthorhiza simplicissima   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Xanthorrhiza simplicissima

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Xanthorhiza simplicissima

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellowroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0403o_31

March    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Leaves alternate, clustered together at top of a usually unbranched erect stem, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0403p_02

March    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Purple flowers in drooping racemes 2-3" long, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0503b_07

March    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0503b_28

March    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Steve Marlow    snm100404_151

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

Steve Marlow    snm100404_153

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

Petals are absent. There are 5 maroon, ovate, acuminate sepals, 2-5mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0305r_22

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm160502_081

May    Macon County    NC

Twigs moderately stout, lenticellate, with bright yellow inner bark, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Xanthorhiza simplicissima

JK Marlow    jkm0511c_35

November    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden