Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1915

Shrub; Tree
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains & Coastal Plain)

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, often over calcareous substrate, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish
Functionally unisexual
5-6 lobed calyx
Petals absent
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Orange/Brown
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Celtis tenuifolia   FAMILY Cannabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Celtis tenuifolia   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 056-03-002b:
Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana   FAMILY Ulmaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Celtis georgiana

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Celtis tenuifolia var. georgiana

 

COMMON NAME:
Georgia Hackberry, Dwarf Hackberry


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana, image of Celtis tenuifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_cege2_001_lvd

        

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana, image of Celtis tenuifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120407_715

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Leaves usually 1-2" long and < 2x long as wide, entire or sparingly toothed, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana, image of Celtis tenuifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120407_718

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Pistillate flowers in axils of emerging leaves toward twig tips, per Native Trees of the Southeast, An Identification Guide.

picture of Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana, image of Celtis tenuifolia

JK Marlow    jkm120407_718b

April    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx 5-6 lobed nearly to base. Petals absent. Superior ovary with 2 stigmas, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.