Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 17 taxa in the family Ulmaceae, Elm family, as understood by Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Slippery Elm, Red Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus rubra   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus rubra   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus rubra 056-01-001   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in moist to fairly dry calcareous forests, rich bottomlands, rich cove forests in the low Mountains

Common (rare in GA-NC-SC Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Elm, White Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus americana var. americana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ulmus americana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus americana 056-01-002   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in swamps, bottomland forests, moist slopes, esp on relatively or strongly nutrient-rich substrates

Common

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


drawing of Ulmus americana var. floridana, Florida Elm need picture of leaf or frond of Ulmus americana var. floridana, Florida Elm need picture of flower of Ulmus americana var. floridana, Florida Elm need picture of sepals or involucral bracts of Ulmus americana var. floridana, Florida Elm need picture of fruit of Ulmus americana var. floridana, Florida Elm
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Common Name: Florida Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus americana var. floridana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Ulmus americana   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus americana 056-01-002?   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it on shell middens, other calcareous forests

Uncommon

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Winged Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus alata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus alata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Ulmus alata 056-01-003   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it on rock outcrops, dry and mesic forests and woodlands, bottomlands, old fields, disturbed areas

Common (rare in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Cedar Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus crassifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus crassifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in bottomlands, mesic forests

Rare

Native: south & west of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: September Elm, Rock Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus serotina   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus serotina   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in mesic limestone forests

Rare

Native to Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Wych Elm, Scotch Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus glabra   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus glabra   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Non-native: Europe

 


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camera icon Common Name: Lacebark Elm, Chinese Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus parvifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus parvifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: China/Japan

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Siberian Elm, Dwarf Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus pumila   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus pumila   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Water-elm, Planer-tree
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Planera aquatica   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Planera aquatica   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Planera aquatica 056-02-001   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in river swamps where flooded (often to depths of 1-2m) in the winter

Common (uncommon in NC)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Sugarberry, Southern Hackberry, Smooth Hackberry, Lowland Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Celtis laevigata   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Celtis laevigata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis laevigata 056-03-001   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in bottomland forests, esp on natural levees, upland calcareous forests & woodlands, shell middens

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Small's Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Celtis smallii   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Celtis laevigata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis laevigata 056-03-001?   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in glades, woodlands, forests

Common in Piedmont (rare elesewhere), an endemic

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Northern Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Celtis occidentalis   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis occidentalis var. occidentalis 056-03-002a   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, and bottomland forests, usually over calcareous substrates

Mostly rare in GA-NC-SC (uncommon in GA Mtns & SC Piedmont)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Georgia Hackberry, Dwarf Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (10/20/20) Celtis pumila   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Celtis tenuifolia   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Celtis occidentalis var. georgiana 056-03-002b   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in xeric to mesic glades, outcrops, barrens, woodlands, exposed bluffs, stream banks, and disturbed areas, often over calcareous substrate

Common (uncommon in Mountains & Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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Common Name: Chinese Hackberry
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Celtis sinensis   FAMILY: Cannabaceae
(?) SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Celtis sinensis   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in suburban woodlands

Rare

Non-native: China, Japan & Korea

 


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Common Name: Japanese Zelkova
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Zelkova serrata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Zelkova serrata   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it . It is planted frequently for ornament, persisting or spreading weakly

Waif(s)

Non-native: China, Japan & Korea

 


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camera icon Common Name: English Elm, English Cork Elm
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ulmus procera   FAMILY: Ulmaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ulmus procera   FAMILY: Ulmaceae

 

Look for it in disturbed areas

Rare

Non-native: Europe

 


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