Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1916

Forb
Annual/Biennial/Rarely perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Even-pinnately compound: 14-20 leaflets (mostly)
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Violet (rarely white)
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
10 stamens, diadelphous, 9 and 1
Superior ovary
Racemes long-stalked, one-sided, with (5)10-20 densely clustered flowers

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Legume

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Vicia villosa ssp. varia   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vicia villosa ssp. varia   FAMILY Fabaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 098-36-007:
Vicia dasycarpa   FAMILY Fabaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Smooth Vetch, Winter Vetch


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm42810_061

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140521_071

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaflets mostly 14-20, more or less pubescent on both sides. Tendrils branched, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE pinnately compound leaves of forbs

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140521_076b

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Racemes secund with (5)10-20 densely clustered flowers. Peduncles 2-6cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140521_079

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140521_082

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Flowers are bicolored (violet & white) in both [ssp. varia and ssp. villosa], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140521_084

May    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Plant glabrate or pubescence of hairs < 1mm long (not conspicuously villous), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm51009_379

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers on pedicels 1-2mm long, appearing distinctly laterally attached, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm51009_383

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Petals usually violet, rarely white, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm52110_38

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Legume oblong, 2-4cm long, 7-10mm broad, compressed, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm52111_81

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm52111_82

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm53010_701

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Racemes long-stalked, dense, one-sided, mostly with 5-15 blue flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm5711_52

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx lobes unequal: upper 0.5mm or less, lowermost and longest 1-2mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

Roxanna Martin    rlm5908_166

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Calyx tube decidedly gibbous [one-sidedly enlarged] at base on upper side, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140623_208

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140623_212

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140623_213

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

image of Vicia villosa ssp. varia

JK Marlow    jkm140623_214

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail