Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1937

Forb
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in fresh waters of ponds, lakes, ditches, marshes, including tidal freshwater marshes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade Aquatic ...Wet

LEAVES:
Simple

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomatous

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Pistillate spike: Green becoming brown Staminate spike: Yellowish (the two usually running together)
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Typha latifolia   FAMILY Typhaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Typha latifolia   FAMILY Typhaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 019-01-001:
Typha latifolia   FAMILY Typhaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Cattail


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Typha latifolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_tyla_001_lvd

        

image of Typha latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0505d_03

May    Pickens County    SC

Clemson Forest

Fuzzy, brown cylindric spikes (cattails) persist into winter, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Typha latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm160504_472

May    Jackson County    NC

Pulley Park

Leaves linear, erect, thick, sheathing the base of the stem, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Typha latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140711_832

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Leaves up to 1" wide and 10' tall, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Typha latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140711_832b

July    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Female flowers in brown cylindrical spike; male spike above and contiguous, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Typha latifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140809_428

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail