Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1941

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in savannas, sandhill-pocosin ecotones (in the uphill portions), mesic loamy-soil slopes or swales in sandhill longleaf pine woodlands, fire-maintained interior woodlands and barrens, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish suffused with pinkish-purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped tubular calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
4 included stamens (2 long, 2 short)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 166-27-001:
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Schwalbea australis

 

COMMON NAME:
Chaffseed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Schwalbea americana

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_scam_001_lvd

        

image of Schwalbea americana

JK Marlow    jkm060423_132b

April        SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaf size decreases from the base of the stem upwards, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Schwalbea americana

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_30

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Tubular 1" flowers are born along the upper 1/2-1/3 of the stem, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Schwalbea americana

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_31

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Calyx tubular, 2-lipped, lips unequal, subtended by 2 linear bractlets, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Schwalbea americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsamericana_halfway

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaves lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, entire, sessile, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Schwalbea americana

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsamericana_steedfrt

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The narrow fruit is enclosed in a saclike structure, hence the common name, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.