Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1941

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in savannas, sandhill-pocosin ecotones (in the uphill portions), mesic loamy-soil slopes or swales in sandhill longleaf pine woodlands, fire-maintained interior woodlands and barrens, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish suffused with pinkish-purple
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
2-lipped tubular calyx
2-lipped tubular corolla
4 included stamens (2 long, 2 short)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Orobanchaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 166-27-001:
Schwalbea americana   FAMILY Scrophulariaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Schwalbea australis

 

COMMON NAME:
American Chaffseed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_scam_001_lvd

        

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

JK Marlow    jkm060423_132b

April        SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaf size decreases from the base of the stem upwards, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_30

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Tubular 1" flowers are born along the upper 1/2-1/3 of the stem, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_31

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Calyx tubular, 2-lipped, lips unequal, subtended by 2 linear bractlets, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsamericana_halfway

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

Leaves lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, entire, sessile, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Schwalbea americana, American Chaffseed

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsamericana_steedfrt

May    Berkeley County    SC

Francis Marion National Forest

The narrow fruit is enclosed in a saclike structure, hence the common name, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.