Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1958

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Look for it in moist to wet, acid, organic soils, such as bogs, blackwater bottomlands, pocosins, sometimes in standing water, as in periodically flooded coastal plain depression ponds, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnate-pinnatifid
Leaves in rows, spaced along a long-creeping rhizome

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
A thick, horizontal, creeping rhizome

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Leptosporangiate Ferns (true ferns): Polypodiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Anchistea virginica   FAMILY Blechnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Woodwardia virginica   FAMILY Blechnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 012-01-001:
Woodwardia virginica   FAMILY Blechnaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Anchistea virginica

 

COMMON NAME:
Virginia Chain Fern


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_anvi6_001_lvd

        

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_wovi_002_lvd

        

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm160416_220

April    Lowndes County    GA

Fronds upright, scattered along rhizomes and emerging individually, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm160416_222

April    Lowndes County    GA

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm160416_335

April    Lowndes County    GA

Blade leathery, glossy, with around 15 pairs of closely spaced pinnae, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm0505s_36

May    Williamsburg County    SC

Stipe is dark purple-brown, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm150529_104

May    Spartanburg County    SC

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

Emily B. Sessa    ebswvirginica_1119

June        

Small veins form a row of areoles each side of midvein; all others are free, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

Emily B. Sessa    ebswvirginica_4188

July        

Sori chainlike, elongate, along midvein & at tip of pinnae lobes, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

Emily B. Sessa    ebswvirginica_4203

July        

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_w_virginica_virchain2

August        

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    jkm081009_317

October    Bamberg County    SC

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    s081009_b

October    Bamberg County    SC

Pinnae lanceolate. Lobes short, blunt, smooth-margined, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    s081009_b2

October    Bamberg County    SC

picture of Woodwardia virginica, image of Anchistea virginica

JK Marlow    s081009_b3

October    Bamberg County    SC

Sori on each side of pinnae midrib, also paralleling pinnule midveins, per Field Guide to the Ferns and Other Pteridophytes of Georgia.