Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2001

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in GA, SC)

Look for it in shaded swamps, wet slopes, nearly always beneath Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Wet ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellowish/ Greenish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-04-001:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Neottia smallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Ophrys smallii

 

COMMON NAME:
Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Listera smallii

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_opsm_001_lvd

        

image of Listera smallii

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_0

May    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Listera smallii

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_2

May    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Lip broadens into 2 rounded flat lobes with a tiny tooth between the lobes, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera smallii

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_1

June    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

Leaves in the shape of a kidney, hence the name Kidney-leaved Twayblade, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Listera smallii

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_3

June    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Listera smallii

JK Marlow    jkm0508b_13

August    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

When found, it's nearly always beneath Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora.