OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Neottia smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Listera smallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-001:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys smallii

 

COMMON NAME:
Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_opsm_001_lvd

        

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_0

May    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_2

May    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Lip broadens into 2 rounded flat lobes with a tiny tooth between the lobes, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_1

June    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

Leaves in the shape of a kidney, hence the name Kidney-leaved Twayblade, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

Jim Fowler    jaf_nlistera_smallii_3

June    Union County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

image of Neottia smallii, Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade

JK Marlow    jkm0508b_13

August    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

When found, it's nearly always beneath Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Neottia smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Listera smallii

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 049-04-001:
Listera smallii   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Ophrys smallii

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2001

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon in NC (rare in GA-SC) (endemic to the Southern & Central Appalachians)

Habitat: Shaded swamps, wet slopes, nearly always beneath Rhododendron maximum, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Summer
Yellowish/ Greenish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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