Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Your search found 74 taxa.

                   

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pink Lady's Slipper, Mocassin Flower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium acaule
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium acaule
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cypripedium acaule 049-01-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Fissipes acaulis

The inflated lower petal forms a moccasin-like pouch 1.5-2" long, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Yellow Lady's Slipper
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
(?) PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 049-01-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Cypripedium pubescens

Sepals & lateral petals greenish-brown/brownish-yellow, pouch 1" or more, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Small Yellow Lady's Slipper
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum
(?) PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium parviflorum var. parviflorum
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cypripedium calceolus var. pubescens 049-01-002?
SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Cypripedium calceolus var. parviflorum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Cypripedium parviflorum

Lateral petals & sepals dark reddish-brown, yellow pouch less than 1" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Kentucky Yellow Lady's Slipper
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium kentuckiense
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium kentuckiense


Purple-brown sepals & twisted petals; the lip a creamy to dull yellow pouch, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Lady's Slipper, Queen Lady's Slipper
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium reginae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium reginae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cypripedium reginae 049-01-003


Petals white, spreading, narrowly oblong. Lip is a white-streaked rose pouch, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


range map need picture of flower of Cypripedium candidum, White Lady's Slipper
speaker icon Common Name: White Lady's Slipper
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Cypripedium candidum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Cypripedium candidum


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Showy Orchis
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Galearis spectabilis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Galearis spectabilis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Orchis spectabilis 049-02-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Galeorchis spectabilis

Helmet magenta-purple, lavender or white; lip usually but not always white, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Green Fringed Orchid, Ragged Fringed Orchid, Ragged Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera lacera
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera lacera
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria lacera 049-03-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis lacera

The lip is divided into 3 lobes, each consisting of hairlike separations, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Purple Fringed Orchid, Butterfly Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera psycodes
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera psycodes
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria psycodes var. psycodes 049-03-003a
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis psycodes

Lip with 3 heavily fringed lobes. Nectary opening usually barbell-shaped, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Purple Fringed Orchid, Plume-royal
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera grandiflora
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Platanthera grandiflora
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria psycodes var. grandiflora 049-03-003b
LESS THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Habenaria fimbriata
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis grandiflora

A squarish to roundish (never dumbbell-shaped) opening at lip base, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Purple Fringeless Orchid, Purple Spire Orchid, Pride-of-the-peak
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera peramoena
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera peramoena
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria peramoena 049-03-004
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis peramoena

Lip petal split into 3 widely spreading lobes, margin serrated not fringed, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Michaux's Orchid, Long-horned Habenaria
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Habenaria quinqueseta
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Habenaria quinqueseta
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria quinqueseta 049-03-005
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Habenaria quinqueseta
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Habenaria quinqueseta

"Quinqueseta" refers to conspicuous hornlike lobes of lip & lateral petals, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Water-spider Orchid, Floating Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Habenaria repens
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Habenaria repens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria repens 049-03-006
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Habenaria repens
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Habenaria repens

The petals and lip resemble spider legs splayed against the plant's sepals, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Platanthera orbiculata, Large Round-leaved Orchid, Dinner-plate Orchid
camera icon Common Name: Large Round-leaved Orchid, Dinner-plate Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera orbiculata
(?) PLANTS National Database: Platanthera orbiculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria orbiculata 049-03-007
SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999) Platanthera orbiculata var. orbiculata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Lysias orbiculata

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Fringeless Orchid, Golden Frog Orchid, Golden Fringeless Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera integra
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera integra
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria integra 049-03-008
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Gymnadeniopsis integra

Lip petal with tiny rounded teeth (not fringed), per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Snowy Orchid, Bog-spike
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera nivea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera nivea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria nivea 049-03-009
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Gymnadeniopsis nivea

Flowers so white as to seem illuminated from within. Lip entire. Spur 11-23mm, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Tubercled Orchid, Southern Rein Orchid, Southern Gypsy-spike
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera flava var. flava
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera flava var. flava
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria flava var. flava 049-03-010a


A loose terminal spike of 10-40 yellowish-green flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


range map need picture of flower of Platanthera flava var. herbiola, Tubercled Rein Orchid, Northern Gypsy-spike
Common Name: Tubercled Rein Orchid, Northern Gypsy-spike
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera flava var. herbiola
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera flava var. herbiola
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria flava var. herbiola 049-03-010b


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Green Wood Orchid, Club-spur Orchid, Woodland Orchid, Streamhead Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera clavellata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera clavellata
(?) Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria clavellata 049-03-011
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Gymnadeniopsis clavellata

The lip of each 1/4" flower is slightly larger at its 3-lobed tip, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Dactylorhiza viridis, Long-bracted Orchid, Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Frog Orchid
Common Name: Long-bracted Orchid, Frog Orchid, Long-bracted Frog Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Dactylorhiza viridis
(?) PLANTS National Database: Dactylorhiza viridis
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria viridis var. bracteata 049-03-012
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Coeloglossum bracteatum
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Coeloglossum viride

range map need picture of flower of Platanthera blephariglottis, Small White Fringed Orchid
speaker icon Common Name: Small White Fringed Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera blephariglottis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera blephariglottis var. blephariglottis
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. blephariglottis 049-03-013a
SYNONYMOUS WITH Blephariglottis albiflora
SYNONYMOUS WITH (POSSIBLY MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis blephariglottis

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large White Fringed Orchid, Southern White Fringed Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera conspicua
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. blephariglottis 049-03-013a?
SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Habenaria blephariglottis var. conspicua
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis conspicua

Lip has a filiform fringe & a distinct isthmus. Spur often to 3" long, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Monkey-face Orchid, White Fringeless Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera integrilabia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera integrilabia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria blephariglottis var. integrilabia 049-03-013b?
SYNONYMOUS WITH Blephariglottis integrilabia

Similar to P. blephariglottis var. conspicua, except its lip is unfringed, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Fringed Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera ciliaris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera ciliaris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria ciliaris 049-03-014
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis ciliaris

Half-inch-long narrow lip completely bordered by a fine feathery fringing, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Crested Fringed Orchid, Golden Fringed Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Platanthera cristata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Platanthera cristata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Habenaria cristata 049-03-015
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Blephariglottis cristata

Flowers about half the size of P. ciliaris, with less extensive fringing, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Kidneyleaf Twayblade, Appalachian Twayblade, Small's Twayblade
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Listera smallii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Listera smallii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Listera smallii 049-04-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Neottia smallii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ophrys smallii

Lip broadens into 2 rounded flat lobes with a tiny tooth between the lobes, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Twayblade
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Listera australis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Listera australis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Listera australis 049-04-003
SYNONYMOUS WITH Neottia bifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ophrys australis

The half-inch flowers usually reddish-purple, pinkish, or purplish-green, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nodding Pogonia, Three Birds Orchid, Nodding Ettercap
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Triphora trianthophoros var. trianthophoros
LESS THAN & ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT PLANTS National Database: Triphora trianthophora
LESS THAN & ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Triphora trianthophora 049-05-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Flora of North America Triphora trianthophora ssp. trianthophora

Petals and sepals may be pure white or white tipped with pink or purple, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Large Whorled Pogonia, Larger Five-leaves
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Isotria verticillata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Isotria verticillata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Isotria verticillata 049-06-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003) Pogonia verticillata

3 long, narrow sepals are light green at base, dark purplish-brown at tips, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Small Whorled Pogonia, Little Five-leaves
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Isotria medeoloides
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Isotria medeoloides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Isotria medeoloides 049-06-002
SYNONYMOUS WITH Pogonia affinis

The flower is surrounded by three 1" sepals the same color as the leaves, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rose Pogonia, Snakemouth Orchid, Beardflower, Addermouth
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Pogonia ophioglossoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Pogonia ophioglossoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Pogonia ophioglossoides 049-07-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Pogonia ophioglossoides
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Pogonia ophioglossoides

Sepals and petals usually pink, the lip tipped with deep purplish magenta, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Rosebud Orchid, Large Spreading Pogonia
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis divaricata
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes divaricata
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001
SYNONYMOUS WITH Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Cleistes divaricata var. divaricata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003) Pogonia divaricata

Flower color is generally pink, vs. the mostly white-flowered C. bifaria, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Small Spreading Pogonia, Smaller Rosebud Orchid, Upland Spreading Pogonia
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis bifaria
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes bifaria
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001?
LESS THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria

The protruding lip has purple markings and a blotch of yellow bristles, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Cleistesiopsis oricamporum, Coastal Plain Small Spreading Pogonia
Common Name: Coastal Plain Small Spreading Pogonia
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Cleistesiopsis oricamporum
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Cleistes bifaria
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Cleistes divaricata 049-08-001?
LESS THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950) Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria
LESS THAN Flora of Virginia (Weakley, Ludwig & Townsend, 2012) Cleistesiopsis bifaria

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bog-rose, Dragon's-mouth, Arethusa
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Arethusa bulbosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Arethusa bulbosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Arethusa bulbosa 049-09-001


Petals and sepals generally point upward; lip curls downward like a tongue, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Bearded Grass-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon barbatus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon barbatus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Calopogon barbatus 049-10-001


Distinguished by cluster of 3-6 flowers all opening about the same time, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Common Grass-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Calopogon pulchellus 049-10-002


Upper petal (lip) narrow, spreading to a triangular tip w orange bristles, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Pale Grass-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon pallidus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon pallidus
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Calopogon pallidus 049-10-003


Lateral sepals distinctively reflexed backward w their apices behind flower, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Many-flowered Grass-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon multiflorus
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Calopogon multiflorus


Petals widest above the middle, with a narrow base and bluntly pointed tip, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Oklahoma Grass-pink
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Calopogon oklahomensis
(?) PLANTS National Database: Calopogon oklahomensis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America Calopogon oklahomensis

Dilated distal portion of middle lip lobe triangular to braodly rounded, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Shadow Witch, Ponthieu's Orchid, Shadow-witch Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ponthieva racemosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ponthieva racemosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Ponthieva racemosa 049-11-001


Flowers white with green stripes, positioned horizonatally - "pointing up", per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


map not available need picture of flower of Spiranthes/ Mesadenus/ Sacoila spp., Ladies'-tresses
Common Name: Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes/ Mesadenus/ Sacoila spp.
Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes spp. 049-12-000
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium spp.

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lesser Ladies'-tresses, Oval Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ovalis var. erostellata
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes ovalis 049-12-001
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium ovale

The 1/4" flowers are aligned in 3 fairly vertical ranks, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis, Oval Ladies'-tresses
Common Name: Oval Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ovalis var. ovalis
LESS THAN Aquatic & Wetland Plants of Southeastern US (Godfrey & Wooten, 1979 & 1981) Spiranthes ovalis
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium ovale

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Nodding Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes cernua
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes cernua
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes cernua var. cernua 049-12-002a
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium cernuum

Flowers' base arched prominently downward, giving flwrs a nodding posture, per Native Orchids of the Southern Appalachian Mountains.


camera icon Common Name: Great Plains Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes magnicamporum
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes magnicamporum
LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Spiranthes cernua

Lip oval, without the dilation seen in S. cernua, its center pale yellow, per Native Orchids of the Southern Appalachian Mountains.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Yellow Ladies-tresses, Yellow Nodding Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes ochroleuca
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes ochroleuca
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991) Spiranthes cernua var. ochroleuca
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium ochroleucum

These flowers are usually more yellowish than the bright white S. cernua, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Fragrant Ladies'-tresses, Marsh Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes odorata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes odorata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes cernua var. odorata 049-12-002b
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium odoratum

Flowers strongly fragrant, white w a creamy or greenish-yellow lip center, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Little Ladies'-tresses, Little Pearl-twist
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes tuberosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes tuberosa
GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes grayi 049-12-003
SYNONYMOUS WITH (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium beckii

Plants may exhibit flowers in either a tight or a loose spiral, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Spiranthes brevilabris, Short-lipped Ladies'-tresses
Common Name: Short-lipped Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes brevilabris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes brevilabris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Aquatic & Wetland Plants of Southeastern US (Godfrey & Wooten, 1979 & 1981) Spiranthes gracilis var. brevilabris

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Eaton's Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes eatonii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes eatonii


The tiny flowers are only 1/6" long, bright white with a green spot on lip, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Spiranthes lacera var. lacera, Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses
Common Name: Northern Slender Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lacera var. lacera
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lacera var. lacera
LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Spiranthes gracilis

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Slender Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes gracilis var. gracilis 049-12-004a
LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Spiranthes gracilis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium gracile

Distinguished by the green spot on the lip, which has a white edge, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Florida Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes floridana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes floridana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes gracilis var. floridana 049-12-004b
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium floridanum

Easily confused with S. brevilabris, but glabrous (not densely pubescent), per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Long-lipped Ladies'-tresses, Giant Spiral Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes longilabris
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes longilabris
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes longilabris 049-12-005
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium longilabre

These flowers are arranged in a tight single rank or are sometimes secund, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Grass-leaved Ladies'-tresses, Giant Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes praecox
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes praecox
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes praecox 049-12-006
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium praecox

Lip has green veins radiating from its center. Lateral sepals appressed, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Woodland Ladies'-tresses, Pale Green Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes sylvatica
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes praecox
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes praecox 049-12-006?
LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium praecox

Flowers a creamy green (vs. the bright white of S. praecox), per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Spring Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes vernalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes vernalis
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes vernalis 049-12-007
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium vernale

Unique in its orange/brown spots on lip & pointed hairs on stem & flowers, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Lace-lip Ladies'-tresses, Lace-lip Spiral Orchid
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes laciniata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes laciniata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Spiranthes laciniata 049-12-008
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium laciniatum

Flowers in a very loose spiral or sometimes secund, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


range map need picture of flower of Spiranthes lucida, Shining Ladies'-tresses
Common Name: Shining Ladies'-tresses
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Spiranthes lucida
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Spiranthes lucida
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Ibidium plantagineum

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"Every plant has a story!" — Richard D. Porcher