Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2039

Shrub
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in woodlands, forests, dunes, roadsides, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Mostly basal rosette

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Creamy-white
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals, perianth globose to campanulate

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Yucca filamentosa   FAMILY Agavaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-12-003a:
Yucca filamentosa var. filamentosa   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Yucca filamentosa

 

COMMON NAME:
Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_yufi_001_lvd

        

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm0303n_09

March    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Plant with a very short trunk or the trunk absent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm0403e_17

March    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Leaves in a rosette, firm, leaf margins fraying into filamentous threads, per Native Shrubs and Woody Vines of the Southeast.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmy_glass2

May    Pickens County    SC

Glassy Mountain Heritage Preserve

Flowers greenish-white, bell-like, growing on a woody central stalk. — Patrick McMillan

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm080629_004

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Fruit an erect capsule with flattened black seeds stacked like coins, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm080629_007

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Seeds flattened, black, 6-7mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm080629_040

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

JK Marlow    jkm080629_041

June    Greenville County    SC

Ashmore Heritage Preserve

Inflorescence branches glabrous; tepals 5-7cm long, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

Tim Spira    tpsyfilamentosa_moth

June        

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

Tim Spira    tpsyfilamentosa

July        

Large, nodding flowers on a branched inflorescence on a 3-9' tall stalk, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

Tim Spira    tpsyfilamentosa2

August        

image of Yucca filamentosa, Beargrass, Spoonleaf Yucca, Curlyleaf Yucca, Adam's Needle

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmyfilamentosa_3

Month Unknown        

Leaves basal, spiky, rigid, in a rosette, with loose threads on the margins. — Patrick McMillan