OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Sideroxylon lycioides

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 149-01-001:
Bumelia lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Bumelia lycioides

 

COMMON NAME:
Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_buly_001_lvd

        

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_sily_002_lvd

        

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

JK Marlow    jkm180218_0294

February    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

JK Marlow    jkm180218_0295

February    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

May be armed with spines at the nodes, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_lycioides_2

March        

Bark scaling, grayish strips or plates revealing red-brown underneath, per Woody Plants of the Southeastern US: A Winter Guide.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

JK Marlow    jkm110416_868

April    Etowah County    AL

Leaves elliptic or weakly oblanceolate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

Ron Lance    rwl2167_a

June        

Inflorescence of 8-40 clustered flowers from short axillary spur shoots, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_lycioides_4

August        

Fruit an ellipsoid drupe-like berry 6-10mm long, subtended by persistent calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

JK Marlow    jkm181030_5424

October    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

JK Marlow    jkm181030_5426

October    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

Upper surfaces of mature leaf blades notably finely reticulate-veined (at 20x), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

David Campbell    mdc_s_lycioides_fruit

October    Cabarrus County    NC

Look for fruit to be mature in September-October, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sideroxylon lycioides, Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Carolina Buckthorn

David Campbell    mdc_sideroxylon_lycioides

October    Cabarrus County    NC

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sideroxylon lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Sideroxylon lycioides

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 149-01-001:
Bumelia lycioides   FAMILY Sapotaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Bumelia lycioides

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2044

Shrub; Tree
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Uncommon (rare in NC Piedmont)

Habitat: maritime forests, maritime scrub, river bluffs, swamp margins, usually in circumneutral soil (over shell hash, coquina limestone, marl, or limestone), in the Piedmont and Mountains in rich, mesic forests over mafic or calcareous rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
May be armed with nodal spines

LEAVES:
Deciduous/Semi-evergreen
Simple
Alternate or clustered on spur shoots

FLOWER:
Summer
White
Bisexual
5-lobed calyx
5-lobed corolla
5 stamens & 5 staminodia, fused to corolla
Superior ovary

Flowers in axillary clusters

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Black
Drupe-like berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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