Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2133

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in GA), endemic

Look for it in moist to fairly dry meadows, dry ridgetops under pines (where seasonally moist), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Corolla mostly white (pinkish) /Sepals brownish-maroon
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
Corolla tubular, 3 petals, the two lateral similar & a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Cleistesiopsis bifaria   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Cleistes bifaria   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-08-001?:
Cleistes divaricata   FAMILY Orchidaceae

LESS THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria

 

COMMON NAME:
Appalachian Small Spreading Pogonia, Smaller Rosebud Orchid, Upland Spreading Pogonia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Diane Creaton    dmc_052415_064

May    Pickens County    SC

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Diane Creaton    dmc_052415_073

May    Pickens County    SC

The protruding lip has purple markings and a blotch of yellow bristles, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Jim Fowler    jafcleiste_single2050521

May    Brunswick County    NC

Green Swamp

Narrow mahogany-colored sepals stretch upward, are about as long as petals, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

JK Marlow    jkm160531_023

May    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

A solitary leaf about halfway up the stem & one leaf bract at ovary base, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Steve Marlow    snm160531_029

May    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Keith Bradley    kab_c_bifaria_0546

June    Burke County    NC

Pisgah National Forest

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Keith Bradley    kab_c_bifaria_0565

June    Burke County    NC

Pisgah National Forest

image of Cleistesiopsis bifaria

Keith Bradley    kab_c_bifaria_0585

June    Burke County    NC

Pisgah National Forest