Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2140

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in moist forests, in the mountains and upper Piedmont usually with Pinus strobus, per Weakley's Flora

map
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...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Whorls of 5-6

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Yellowish-green/ Greenish-white
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
3 sepals, two lateral and one dorsal
3 petals, the two lateral similar and a third (the lip) enlarged
stamens and pistil fused together into a column
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Asparagales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Isotria medeoloides   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Isotria medeoloides   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 049-06-002:
Isotria medeoloides   FAMILY Orchidaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Pogonia affinis

 

COMMON NAME:
Small Whorled Pogonia, Little Five-leaves


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Isotria medeoloides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_isme2_001_lvd

        

image of Isotria medeoloides

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_isme2_003_lvd

        

image of Isotria medeoloides

Jim Fowler    jaf_isomed2

May    Rutherford County    NC

The flower is surrounded by three 1" sepals the same color as the leaves, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Large and Small Whorled Pogonia and Indian Cucumber-root

image of Isotria medeoloides

Jim Fowler    jafisomed_030510

May    Rutherford County    NC

When in flower, the 5-6 light bluish-green leaves point downward, per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Isotria medeoloides

Jim Fowler    jafisomed_2030510

May    Rutherford County    NC

Leaf arrangement similar to Medeola virginiana, hence "medeoloides", per Wild Orchids of South Carolina: A Popular Natural History.

image of Isotria medeoloides

David Campbell    mdc_isotria_medeoloides

May    Guilford County    NC

The capsule is erect, ellipsoid-cylindrical, 1.7-3cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.